JMMCE  Vol.9 No.4 , April 2010
Structural and Optical Characterization Studies on 2, 4- dinitrophenylhydrazine Single Crystal
ABSTRACT
Single crystal of an organic nonlinear optical (NLO) material, 2,4-Dnitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH), was grown by slow cooling method. Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) FT-Raman and NMR studies have confirmed respectively the crystal structure and functional groups of the grown crystal. Crystalline perfection of single crystals was evaluated by high resolution X-ray diffractometry (HRXRD) using a multicrystal X–ray diffractometer and found that the grown crystals are nearly perfect. UV-Visible-NIR spectral analysis was used to determine the optical constants and band gap of DNPH. Fluorescence spectrum of DNPH was recorded.

Cite this paper
T. Devi, N. Lawrence, R. Babu, K. Ramamurthi and G. Bhagavannarayana, "Structural and Optical Characterization Studies on 2, 4- dinitrophenylhydrazine Single Crystal," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 9 No. 4, 2010, pp. 321-330. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.94023.
References
[1]   H. Vidrio, G. Fernandez, M. Medina, E. Alvarez, F. Orallo, Vascul Pharmacol. 40 (2003) 13.

[2]   S. Patil, A. Kanase, P.H. Kulkarni, Indian J. Exp. Biol. 38 (2000) 253.

[3]   I. Kosalec, M. Bakmaz, S. Pepeljnjak, S. Vladimir-Knezevic, Acta Pharm. 54 (2004) 65.

[4]   S. Gupta, R.C. Husser, R.S. Geske, S.E. Welty, C.Smith, Toxicol. Sci. 54 (2000) 203.

[5]   N. Okabe, T. Nakamura, H. Pukuda, Acta Crystallogr. C49 (1993) 1678.

[6]   J.L. Wardell, J.N. Low, C. Glidewell, Acta Cryst. C62 (2006) o318.

[7]   V. Chis, S. Filip, V.Miclaus, A. Pirnau, C. Tanaselia, V.Almasan, M. Vasilescu, J.mol.struct. 744 (2005) 363.

[8]   N. Sundaraganesan, S. Ayyappan, H. Umamaheswari, B. D. Joshua, Spectrochim. Acta A 66 (2007) 17.

[9]   R. Ramesh Babu, S. Kumaresan, N. Vijayan, M. Gunasekaran, R.Gopalakrishnan, P. Kannan, P. Ramasamy J.Cryst. Growth 256 (2003) 387.

[10]   S. A. deVries, P. Goedtkindt, W. J. Huisman, M. J. Zwanenburg, R.Feidenhans’l, S. L. Bennett, D. M. Smilgies, A. Stierle, J. J. De Yoreo, W. J. P. van Enckevort, P. Bennema, E. Vlieg, J. Cryst. Growth 205 (1999) 202.

[11]   K. Udaya Lakshmi, K. Ramamurthi, Cryst. Res. Technol. 40, 1167 (2005).

[12]   K. Lal, G. Bhagavannarayana, J. Appl. Cryst. 22, 209 (1989).

[13]   G. Bhagavannarayana, R.V. Ananthamurthy, G.C. Budakoti, B. Kumar, K.S.Bartwal, J. Appl.Cryst. 38, 768 (2005).

[14]   G. Socrates, Infrared Characteristic Group frequencies; Wiley-Interscience: Chichester, U.K., 1980.

[15]   Hobart H. Willard, Lynne L. Merritt jr., John A. Dean, Frank A.Settle jr., Instrumental Methods of Analysis,Sixth Edition, Wadsworth Publishing Company. USA, 1986 pp.609.

[16]   N. J. Turro, Molecular Photochemistry, W. A. Benjamin, Inc. Publishers, Massachusetts, 1965.

 
 
Top