JMMCE  Vol.8 No.10 , October 2009
Corrosion Behavior of 18/8 Stainless Steel and Nickel-Plated Low Carbon Steel in Cassava Fluid
ABSTRACT
This research work investigated the corrosion resistance of nickel- plated medium carbon steel and 18/8 stainless steel in cassava fluid (i.e. containing hydrogen cyanide). It simulated the effect of continuous use of the materials in a cyanide environment where corrosion products are left in place. Low carbon steel sample was nickel electroplated at 4V for 35 minutes. The plated sample, the unplated and the 18/8 stainless steel were then subjected to a cassava fluid environment for thirty days. The electrode potentials, in mV (SCE), were measured every day. Weight loss was determined at intervals of 5 days for duration of the exposure period. The result showed little corrosion attack on the nickel-plated steel on the fifth and tenth days which quickly dropped to zero by the 15th day and remained at the passive state till the 20th day when corrosion picked up again increasing steadily, linearly until the end of the test day. Corrosion of the 18/8 stainless steel was very low as well decreasing till the last day of the test. The pH of the cassava solution which initially was acidic because of the cyanide content in the cassava was observed to progress to neutrality within five days and to alkalinity at the end of the thirty days test (because of corrosion product contamination of the cyanide). Un-plated steel was found to be unsuitable for the fabrication of cassava processing machinery because of the very high corrosion rate. 18/8 stainless steel was found suitable for use in this environment. The renewed corrosion activity on nickel plated steel after the 20th day (pH=12) of continuous use in cyanide environment makes it unsuitable for use.

Cite this paper
O. Oluwole, P. Atanda, O. Odekunbi and E. Odegbaju, "Corrosion Behavior of 18/8 Stainless Steel and Nickel-Plated Low Carbon Steel in Cassava Fluid," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 8 No. 10, 2009, pp. 803-811. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2009.810069.
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