ABSTRACT This study investigated the effect of magnesium and calcium as spheroidizers on the graphite
microstructure in cast iron. The cast iron samples were melted in an induction furnace with charge
of known composition and, magnesium and calcium of known percentages were added as
spheriodizers to the molten metal in the mould during the casting process. From the microstructure
of the as- cast specimens it was observed that the use of 100% Mg and a combined addition of 60%
and 40%Ca as spheriodizers produced graphite spheroids instead of graphite flakes in the cast iron
microstructure. The use of 100% Ca addition resulted in the production of graphite flakes in the
specimen microstructure. The use of 80% Mg and 20% Ca resulted in the production of a chunky,
stubby graphite microstructure, while the additions of 50% Mg and 50% Ca, 40%Mg and 60% Ca,
and 20% Mg and 80% Ca resulted in the microstructure having a flaky graphite microstructure.
Cite this paper
O. Oluwole, O. Olorunniwo, O. Ogundare, P. Atanda and O. Oridota, "Effect of Magnesium and Calcium as Spheroidizers on the Graphite Morphology in Ductile Cast Iron," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 6 No. 1, 2007, pp. 25-37. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2007.61003.
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