ABSTRACT DNA sequence diversities of soil microbial communities in rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere of 1 - 6 years Panax ginseng were evaluated by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Total genomic DNA of soil samples were amplified by twenty-four out of two hundred random primers. The products were separated in agarose gel, and 359 and 181 reliable fragments were generated, of which, 324 and 123 were polymorphic. The gene diversity index, Shannon’s information index, and similarity coefficient were calculated, and results showed that, diversity of soil microbial community at DNA level was present. Furthermore, with the increasing of P. ginseng growing at one site, deference on soil microbial community DNA sequence between rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere tend to be more and more significant. In addition, RAPD technique was proved to be an effective tool to assess the diversity of soil microbial communities. From results we deduced that, the ecological function that performed by soil microbes may changed following the change of microbial community in rhizospheric and non-rhizospheric soils, and finally broke the balance of soil nutrition and energy cycle, soil spatial structure, microbial ecology etc.
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