AASoci  Vol.2 No.2 , June 2012
Middle Class International Migration: French Nationals Working in the UK
Author(s) Rueyling Tzeng
ABSTRACT
International migration researchers have generally focused on either high-level managers and specialists working for multinational corporations, or laborers and blue collar workers who move from developing to developed countries. But international migration patterns are clearly more diverse in composition and structure. Middle class workers who voluntarily leave their home countries in search of white collar positions represent one under-researched group. The few international migration studies that have been conducted for this group have focused on workers from English-speaking countries. This research will concentrate on a significant number of French speakers (up to one-half million), mostly under the age of 35, who have crossed the English Channel to live and work in the United Kingdom. I will examine the mechanisms that facilitate such migration, the kinds of jobs these migrants perform, and how their migration fits in with their long-term employment plans. The majority of French migrants are strongly career-oriented, unlike many of their counterparts from English-speaking countries who emphasize self-realization and exploration. I also explore the question of why EU migration from non-EU countries still exceeds intra-EU migration.

Cite this paper
Tzeng, R. (2012). Middle Class International Migration: French Nationals Working in the UK. Advances in Applied Sociology, 2, 120-126. doi: 10.4236/aasoci.2012.22016.
References
[1]   Amit, V. (2002). The moving “expert”: A study of mobile professionals in the Cayman Islands and North America. In N. N. S?rensen, & K. F. Olwig (Eds.), Work and migration: Life and livelihoods in a globalizing world (pp. 145-160). London: Routledge.

[2]   Banai, M., & Harry, W. (2004). Boundaryless global careers: The international itinerants. International Studies of Management and Organization, 34, 96-120.

[3]   Bellion, G. (2005). French business in the UK-A survey. (University of Franche-Comté MSc Project). URL (last checked 10 May 2010). http://www.reloburo.com/fr/features/projetGB0905.pdf

[4]   Braun, M., & Recchi, E. (2009). Free-moving west Europeans: An empirically based portrait. In H. Fassmann, M. Haller, & D. Lane, (Eds.), Migration and mobility in Europe: Trends, patterns and control (pp. 85-101). Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing.

[5]   Conradson, D., & Latham, A. (2005). Friendship, networks and transnationality in a world city: Antipodean transmigrants in London. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 31, 287-305. doi:10.1080/1369183042000339936

[6]   Crystal, D. (2003). English as a global language (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511486999

[7]   Favell, A. (2006). London as eurocity: French free movers in the economic capital of Europe. In M. P. Smith, & A. Favell (Eds.), The human face of global mobility (pp. 247-274). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Press.

[8]   Favell, A. (2008). Eurostars and eurocities: Free movement and mobility in an integrating Europe. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

[9]   Favell, A., Feldblum, M., & Smith, M. P. (2006). The human face of global mobility: A research agenda. In M. P. Smith, & A. Favell (Eds.), The human face of global mobility (pp. 1-25). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Press.

[10]   Favell, A., & Recchi, E. (2009). Pioneers of European integration: An introduction. In A. Favell, & E. Recchi (Eds.), Pioneers of European integration: Citizenship and mobility in the EU (pp. 1-25). Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing.

[11]   Flick, U. (2009). An introduction to qualitative research (4th ed.). London: Sage.

[12]   Fouarge, D., & Ester, P. (2009). Understanding migration decisions in Eastern and Western Europe: Perceived costs and benefits of mobility. In H. Fassmann, M. Haller, & D. Lane (Eds.), Migration and mobility in Europe: Trends, patterns and control (pp. 51-72). Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing.

[13]   (2011). The French community in London: Paris-on-Thames. The Economist, 49.

[14]   Hall, P. A., & Soskice, D. (2001). Varieties of capitalism: The institutional foundations of comparative advantage. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

[15]   Hancké, B. (2006). Large firms and institutional change: Industrial renewal and economic restructuring in France. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

[16]   Herm, A. (2008). Recent migration trends: Citizens of Eu-27 member states become ever more mobile while EU remains attractive to nonEU citizens. URL (last checked 3 June 2010). http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_OFFPUB/KS-SF-8098/E N/KS-SF-08-098-EN.PDF

[17]   Hooghe, M., Trappers, A., Meuleman, B., & Reeskens, T. (2008). Migration to European countries: A structural explanation of patterns, 1980-2004. International Migration Review, 42, 476-504. doi:10.1111/j.1747-7379.2008.00132.x

[18]   Howe-Walsh, L., & Schyns, B. (2010). Self-initiated expatriation: Implications for HRM. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 21, 260-273. doi:10.1080/09585190903509571

[19]   Inkson, K. (2006). Protean and boundaryless careers as metaphors. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 69, 48-63. doi:10.1016/j.jvb.2005.09.004

[20]   Inkson, K., Arthur, M. B., Pringle, J., & Barry, S. (1997). Expatriate assignment versus overseas experience: Contrasting models of international human resource development. Journal of World Business, 32, 351-368. doi:10.1016/S1090-9516(97)90017-1

[21]   Jokinen, T., Brewster, C., & Suutari, V. (2008). Career capital during international work experiences: Contrasting self-initiated expatriate experiences and assigned expatriation. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 19, 979-998. doi:10.1080/09585190802051279

[22]   Kennedy, P. (2010). Mobility, flexible lifestyles and cosmopolitanism: EU postgraduates in manchester. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 36, 465-482. doi:10.1080/13691830903426838

[23]   Model, S. (2002). Immigrants’ social class in three global cities. In M. Cross, & R. Moore (Eds.), Globalization and the New City: Migrants, Minorities and Urban Transformations in Comparative Perspective (pp. 82-118). New York: Palgrave Publishers Ltd.

[24]   Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods (3rd ed.). London: Sage.

[25]   Pissarides, C. A. (2006). Unemployment in Britain: A European success story. In M. Werding (Ed.), Structural unemployment in Western Europe: Reasons and remedies (pp. 209-235). Cambridge: The MIT Press.

[26]   Sassen, S. (1991). The global city: New York, London, Tokyo. Princeton. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

[27]   Scott, S. (2006). The social morphology of skilled migration: The case of the British middle class in Paris. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 32, 1105-1129. doi:10.1080/13691830600821802

[28]   Stahl, G. K., Miller, E. L., & Tung, R. L. (2002). Toward the boundaryless career: A closer look at the expatriate career concept and the perceived implications of an international assignment. Journal of World Business, 37, 216-227. doi:10.1016/S1090-9516(02)00080-9

[29]   Suutari, V., & Brewster, C. (2000). Making their own way: International experience through self-initiated foreign assignments. Journal of World Business, 35, 417-436. doi:10.1016/S1090-9516(00)00046-8

[30]   Tzeng, R. (2010). Cultural capital and cross-border career ladders: Western professional migrants in Taiwan. International Sociology, 25, 123-143. doi:10.1177/0268580909346709

[31]   UK Office for National Statistics (2011). Population by country of birth and nationality from the annual population survey. URL (last checked 8 June 2010). http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/migration1/population-by-country-of-birth-and-nationality/jul-2009-to-jun-2010/index.html

[32]   Vance, C. M. (2005). The personal quest for building global competence: A taxonomy of self-initiating career path strategies for gaining business experience abroad. Journal of World Business, 40, 374-385. doi:10.1016/j.jwb.2005.08.005

[33]   Wills, J., May, J., Datta, K., Evans, Y., Herbert, J., & McIlwaine, C. (2009). London’s migrant division of labour. European Urban and Regional Studies, 16, 257-271. doi:10.1177/0969776409104692

[34]   Zimmermann, K. F. (2009). Labour mobility and the integration of European labour markets. In E. Nowotny, P. Mooslechner, & D. Ritzberger-Grünwald (Eds.), The integration of European labour markets (pp. 9-23). Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing.

 
 
Top