ABSTRACT The main objective of the present study was to highlight and analyze the exchange between the land cover components at Cairo with focusing on urban area and agricultural land between 1973 and 2006 using Landsat satellite data with the aid of Digital Elevation Models (DEM). The techniques utilized in this investigation involved a rigorous supervised classification of the Landsat and the DEM images. Results showed that urban area of Cairo was 233.78 km2 in 1973 and increased to 557.87 km2 in 2006. The cut-off from agricultural lands was 136.75 km2, whereas urbanization into the neighboring desert was estimated at 187.32 km2 for the same period. The direction of urban sprawl was mainly controlled by regional topography. Urban sprawl was attributed mainly to accelerated population growth.
Cite this paper
Hereher, M. (2012) Analysis of urban growth at Cairo, Egypt using remote sensing and GIS. Natural Science, 4, 355-361. doi: 10.4236/ns.2012.46049.
 Iverson, L.R., Cook, E.A. and Graham, R.L. (1989) A technique for extrapolating and validating forest cover across large regions: Calibrating AVHRR data with TM data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 10, 1805- 1812. doi:10.1080/01431168908904011
 El-Baz, F., Breed, C.S., Grolier, M.J. and McUauley, J.F. (1979) Eolian features in the western desert of Egypt and some applications to Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research, 84, 8205-8221. doi:10.1029/JB084iB14p08205
 Abdel Hamid, M.A., Shreshta, D. and Valenzuela, C. (1992) Delineating, mapping and monitoring of soil salinity in the Northern Nile Delta (Egypt) using Landsat data and geographic information system. Egyptian Journal of Soil Science, 32, 463-481.
 Frify, O.E., Nasr, S.M., El-Hattab, M.M. and El-Raey, M. (1994) Remote sensing of beach erosion along the rosetta promontory, north-western Nile delta, Egypt. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 15, 1649-1660.
 Guirguis, S.K., Hassan, H.M., El-Raey, M. and Hussain, M.A. (1996) Multi-temporal change of Lake Burullus, Egypt, from 1983 to 1991. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 17, 2915-2921.
 Frihy, O.E., Dewidar, Kh.M., Nasr, S.M. and El-Raey, M.M. (1998) Change detection of the northeastern Nile Delta of Egypt: Shoreline changes, spit evolution, margin changes of Manzala lagoon and its islands. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 19, 1901-1912.
 Lenney, M.P., Woodcock, C.E., Collins, J.B. and Hamdi, H. (1996) The Status of agricultural lands in Egypt: The use of multitemporal NDVI features derived from Landsat TM. Remote Sensing of the Environment, 56, 8-20.
 El-Asmar, H. and Hereher, M. (2011) Change detection of the coastal zone east of the Nile Delta using remote sensing. Environmental Earth Sciences, 62, 769-777.
 Hereher, M. (2010) Vulnerability of the Nile Delta to sea level rise: An assessment using remote sensing. Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk, 1, 315-321.
 Masek, J.G., Lindsay, F.E. and Goward, S.N. (2000) Dynamics of urban growth in the Washington DC metropolitan area, 1973-1996, from Landsat observations. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 21, 3473-3486.
 Yagoub, M.M. (2004) Monitoring of urban growth of a desert city through remote sensing: Al-Ain, UAE, between 1976 and 2000. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 25, 1063-1076.
 Yuan, F., Sawaya K., Loeffelholz, B.C. and Bauer, M. (2005) Land cover classification and change analysis of the Twin Cities (Minnesota) metropolitan area by multitemporal Landsat remote sensing. Remote sensing of Environment, 98, 317-328. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2005.08.006
 Fahim, M.M., El-Khalil, K.I., Hawela, F., Zaki, H.K., El-Mowelhi, M.N. and Lenney, M.P. (1999) Identification of urban expansion onto agricultural lands using satellite remote sensing: Two case studies in Egypt. Geocarto International, 14, 45-47. doi:10.1080/10106049908542092
 Yin, Z.Y., Stewart, D.J., Bullard, S. and MacLachlan, J.T. (2005) Changes in urban built-up surface and population distribution patterns during 1986-1999: A case study of Cairo Egypt. Computers, Environment and Urban System, 29, 595-616. doi:10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2005.01.008
 Sutton, K. and Fahmi, F. (2001) Cairo’s urban growth and strategic master plans in the light of Egypt’s 1996 population census results. Cities, 18, 135-149.
 Chavez, P.S. (1996) Image-based atmospheric correction: Revised and improved. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 62, 1052-1036.
 Congalton, R.G. (1991) A review of assessing the accuracy of classification of remotely sensed data. Remote Sensing of Environment, 37, 35-46.
 Lu, D., Mausel P., Brondiozio, E. and Moran, E. (2004) Change detection techniques. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 25, 2365-2407.
 Singh, A. (1989) Digital change detection techniques using remotely sensed data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 10, 989-1003.
 Jensen, R.J. (1995) Introductory digital image processing. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River.