JSIP  Vol.3 No.2 , May 2012
A New Useful Biometrics Tool Based on 3D Brain Human Geometrical Characterizations
Abstract: Previous clinical research studies consider the existence of differences among normal individual cerebral cortex and show that some features such as cerebral sulci are unique for each individual so that human brains are anatomically different and unique to each individual. In this work, we highlight the idea which consists in using medical data, such as brain MRI images for the purpose of individual identification or verification. In other words, we raise the following question: can one identify individuals using their brain geometry characteristics? Our aim is to validate the feasibility of this new biometrics tool based on human brain characterization. The proposed approach differs from existent biometrics modalities (e.g. fingerprint, hand, etc.) in the sense that brain features cannot be modified by individuals as it is the case when using fake fingerprints, or fake hands. In this work, we consider volumetric Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) from which brain shapes are extracted using a 3D level-sets segmentation approach. Afterwards, geometrical descriptors are extracted from the 3D brain volume and from a projected version which provide specific features such as the isoperimetric ratio, the cortical surface curvature and the Gyrification index. Evaluations performed on a set of MRI images obtained from (MeDEISA) database show that it is possible to distinguish between individuals using their brain characteristics. Preliminary results are particularly encouraging.
Cite this paper: K. Aloui, A. Naït-Ali and S. Naceur, "A New Useful Biometrics Tool Based on 3D Brain Human Geometrical Characterizations," Journal of Signal and Information Processing, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2012, pp. 198-207. doi: 10.4236/jsip.2012.32027.

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