OJPChem  Vol.2 No.2 , May 2012
Characterization of the Burning Behaviour of Plastics by a New Method
A method is described, that allows a quick and simple testing of the burning behaviour of plastics. It takes into account ignition time as well as afterflame time; properties that are characteristic for the burning behaviour of a particular plastic material. The procedure is easy to perform, it does neither require injection-moulded samples nor expensive equipment. The method provides a classification of the burning behaviour. It is especially suitable for a screening of plastic materials complementing established methods like UL-94, GWFI and LOI, and may find application in the development of flame retardants.

Cite this paper
C. Vogel, A. Mueller, D. Lehmann and F. Taeger, "Characterization of the Burning Behaviour of Plastics by a New Method," Open Journal of Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2012, pp. 86-90. doi: 10.4236/ojpchem.2012.22011.
[1]   DIN EN ISO 4589, “Plastics—Determination of Burning Behaviour by Oxygen Index: Part 1,” Beuth Verlag, Berlin, 1999.

[2]   Underwriter Laboratories, “UL-94: Tests for Flammability of Plastic Materials for Parts in Devices and Appliances,” 3rd Edition, Underwriter Laboratories Inc., North- brook, 1989.

[3]   DIN EN 60695-2-12, “Fire Hazard Testing: Part 2-12: Glowing/Hot-Wire Based Test Methods—Glow-Wire Flammability Index (GWFI) Test Method for Materials,” Beuth Verlag, Berlin, 2001.

[4]   F. Taeger, A. Mueller and D. Lehmann, “Verfahren zur Bestimmung des Brandverhaltens von Materialien,” DE Patent No. 10315228.8-52, 2003.

[5]   H. Batzer, “Polymere werkstoffe,” Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart, New York, 1985, p. 517.

[6]   C. J. Hilado, “Flammability Handbook for Plastics,” 5th Edition, Technomic Publishing Company, Basel, 1998, p. 48.

[7]   J. Troitzsch, “International Plastics Flammability Handbook,” Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich, Vienna, New York, 1990, p. 22.

[8]   H. G. Elias, “Macromolecules: Applications of Polymers, Volume 4,” Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2009, pp. 65-68. doi:10.1002/9783527627240

[9]   A. R. Horrocks and D. Price, “Fire Retardant Materials,” Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Cambridge, 2001, p. 227.

[10]   U. Braun, A. I. Balabanovich, B. Schartel, U. Knoll, J. Artner, M. Cisielski, M. D?ring, R. Perez, J. K. W. Sandler, V. Altst?dt, T. Hoffmann and D. Pospiech, “Influence of the Oxidation State of Phosphprorus on the Decomposition and Fire Behaviour of Flame-Retarded Epoxy Resin Composites,” Polymer, Vol. 47, No. 26, 2006, pp. 8495-8508. doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2006.10.022

[11]   R. M. Perez, J. K. W. Sandler, V. Altst?dt, T. Hoffmann, D. Pospiech, M. Cisielski, M. D?ring, H. Braun, A. I. Balabanovich and B. Schartel, “Novel Phosphorus-Modi- fied Polysulfone as a Combined Flame Retardantand Toughness Modifier for Epoxy Resins,” Polymer, Vol. 48, No. 3, 2007, pp. 778-790. doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2006.12.011

[12]   O. Fischer, D. Pospiech, A. Korwitz, K. Sahre, L. H?u?ler, P. Friedel, D. Fischer, C. Harnisch, Y. Bykov and M. D?ring, “Synthesis and Properties of Phosphorus Polyesters with Systamatically Altered Phosphorus Environment,” Polymer Degradation and Stability, Vol. 96, No. 12, 2011, pp. 2198-2208. doi:10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2011.09.006