OJPM  Vol.2 No.2 , May 2012
Self-reported ischemic heart disease: Prevalence, sociodemographics, health behavior, health-care utilization, and quality of life
ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to present the prevalence of self-reported Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) based on a national population-based survey and to characterize people with self-reported IHD with respect to health behavior, risk factors, health-care services utilization and health-related HRQoL; further to compare people with self-reported IHD to those with other chronic illness and people without chronic illness. Based on the Danish Health Interview Survey 2005 (SUSY), a sample of 10,983 persons aged 35 years or older was examined. Data was collected through personal interviews (response rate = 66.7%) and self-administered questionnaires (51.5%). The sample was divided into three mutual exclusive groups: IHD; other chronic illnesses; and no chronic illness. The prevalence of IHD was 5.6% (5.2 - 6.0). The disease was more common in men than women, and the average age was 67.5 years. People with self-reported IHD were characterized as having poorer health behaviors; more risk factors: 40% smokers, 21% sedentary life , 26% obese; higher utilization of the health-care services; and poorer HRQoL. When compared to people with other chronic diseases, people with IHD continued to show the same characteristics. The IHD group had more problems affecting their daily lives than the other two groups. The issues that affected the people with IHD have also been shown to increase the load on the health-care system. Therefore, it is important to the patients, health-care, and society that the prevalence of IHD is reduced and the burden of disease is made a priority.

Cite this paper
Alphin, S. , Kjøller, M. , Davidsen, M. , Nissen, N. and Zwisler, A. (2012) Self-reported ischemic heart disease: Prevalence, sociodemographics, health behavior, health-care utilization, and quality of life. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2, 240-248. doi: 10.4236/ojpm.2012.22035.
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