AS  Vol.3 No.2 , March 2012
Optimazing operation and maintenance Telang II tidal reclamation scheme in relation to agricultural development
The objective of this research is to study the hydraulic performance of the water management system of the Telang 2 tidal lowland reclamation scheme with respect to the operation and maintenance of the system. The hydraulic performance of the system should inline with the food crop water requirement and its cropping pattern. Based on the result of this research, a basic model will be set up in order to support a sustainable agricultural development in the area. The methodology of this research consists of 1) Analysing the hydraulic performance of the water management system for the existing condition as well as under the proposed scenarios; 2) socio-economical approach to the related farmers in relation to the operation and maintenance of the water management system; 3) Mathematical modelling of crop water requirement and an optimal water management system and its water management zoning system; 4) Cost benefit analysis related to operation and maintenance of the water management system, role sharing and cost sharing. In this study, computer softwares CROPWAT, DUFLOW dan ArcGIS have been used as supporting tools in the analysis and evaluation. CROPWAT model was used for calculating the crop water requirement based on the climatological condition and proposed cropping pattern (rice-maize and rice-rice) and its calendar. Based on the result of the CROPWAT model, DUFLOW model was used in order to evaluate the capacity and hydraulic performance of the open canal system. Finally based on the field water layer condition, water management zoning can be derived by using ArcGIS in relation to the crop water requirement and required water levels in the water management system. Based on this research, it can be concluded that the cropping pattern rice-rice or rice-maize are preferable and the co sharing is 50% by the Government and 50% by the farmers is the best option and this is also inline with the hydro-topographical condition of the related area.

Cite this paper
 , M. , Susanto, R. , Suryadi, F. and  , N. (2012) Optimazing operation and maintenance Telang II tidal reclamation scheme in relation to agricultural development. Agricultural Sciences, 3, 287-298. doi: 10.4236/as.2012.32033.
[1]   Suprianto, H, Irianto, S.G., Susanto, R.H, Suryadi, F.X. and Schultz, B. (2006) Potentials and constraints of water management measures for tidal lowlands in south sumatera. Case study in a pilot area in Telang I. 9th Inter-Regional Conference on Environment-Water, Delft, 17-19 May 2006.

[2]   Soenarno (1993) Irrigation management transfer in Indo-nesia. Paper: Directorate general of water resources development. Ministry of Public Works, Nairobi, (in Indo-nesian).

[3]   Irianto, S.G. (2005) Policy and water management in the valley swamp land development (in Indonesian).

[4]   Suprianto, H., Irianto, S.G., Susanto, R.H., Schultz, B., Suryadi, F.X. and Eelaart, A.V.D. (2009) Land and water management of tidal lowlands: experiences in Telang and Saleh, South Sumatra. Irrigation and Drainage Journal, 59, 317-335.

[5]   Imanudin, M.S. (2010) Strategy of ground water surface control operating for tidal lowlands agricultural of South Sumatra Indonesia. Ph.D. Thesis, Sriwijaya University, Palembang (in Indonesian).

[6]   Imanudin, M.S. and Susanto, R.H. (2003) The applicable review of water management in tidal lowlands reclamation regional of delta Telang I of South Sumatra in support of 200% cropping index. Proceedings of Seminar and National Workshop on Sustainable Agricultural Development in an Era of Regional Autonomy and Globalization, Tridinanti University and Sriwijaya University, Palembang, (in Indonesian).

[7]   Imanudin, M.S., Susanto, R.H., Diha, M.A., Guntur, M.A., Bakri, Hermawan, A., Priatna, S.J., Ibrahim, Halimi, E. and Suwignyo, A. (2002) Technical guidance repairment of micro water system on land farm of upang delta tidal lowland. Report of Community Services, Sriwijaya University, Palembang, (in Indonesian).

[8]   Suriadikarta, D.A., Supriadi, H., Malian, H., Desmiyati, Z., Suwarno, M., Januwatu and Anang, H.K. (1998) Readiness of technology and development constraints of farm in swamp area. Proceedings of National Seminar on the Annual Meeting of Komda HITI, Malang, 16-17 December 1998, (in Indonesian).

[9]   Directorate of Land Management. (2009) Technical guidelines for development of integrated farm conservation land (PUKLT). Directorate General of Land and Water Management, Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta, (in Indonesian).

[10]   Harsono, E. (2008) Flow system relations in water management system with land and water quality in support of land productivity in tidal lowlands. Ph.D. Thesis, Tarumanegara University, Jakarta, (in Indonesian).

[11]   Suryadi, F.X. (1996) Soil and water management strategies for tidal lowlands in Indonesia. Ph.D. Thesis, Delft University of Technology-IHE, Delft.

[12]   Satker SIRASS, Department of Public Works. (2005) Final report of study of stabilization operations and maintenance of wetlands in South Sumatra province. Development and Planning Activities of temporary work unit of mainstay irrigation and swamp of South Sumatra, Jakarta, (in Indonesian).

[13]   Balai Wilayah Sungai Sumatera VII. (2009) Design review for tidal lowland scheme delta Telang II 5100 ha, Banyuasin Regency, Final Report, South Sumatra Province, Jakarta (in Indonesian).

[14]   Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration. (2010) Integrated Independent City: Areal Profile KTM Telang, (in Indonesian). profile.

[15]   LWMTL. (2006) Land and Water management of tidal lowlands program-LWMTL in Banyuasin Regency of South Sumatra Province, June 2004-August 2006 (in Indonesian).

[16]   Report of the Joint Indonesian. (2004) Technical Guidelines on Tidal Lowland Development Volume III: Operation and Maintenance. Regional Teaching Seminar on Guidelines on Tidal Lowlands, Jakarta, 6-7 October 2004.

[17]   Smith, M. (1991) CROPWAT: Manual and Guidelines, FAO, Rome.

[18]   Euroconsult, Biec and Trans Intra Asia (1993) Programme and set up of water management trials in Telang and Saleh agricultural development project, drainage development component, South Sumatra Province. Technical Note 7-9, Ministry of Public Works, Jakarta.