ABSTRACT With the shortage of energy and the rise of crude oil in the world, the development of oil shale is gaining more attention globally. To solve the problem of traditional heat conduction with low efficiency and high cost for oil shale, a new technology called radio frequency (RF) heating (microwave heating) is introduced in this paper. Radio frequency electromagnetic (microwave) can do work directly on medium molecule of oil shale and change into heat energy, the transmission of which allows both inner and outer molecules heating simultaneously without heat conduction. Meanwhile, oil shale is a poor microwave absorbing material and microwave absorbents must be added to reach pyrolysis temperature. By this means, shale oil could be heated at a higher speed and kerogen will gradually be cracked into gas and oil. Then shale oil and gas will flow into the production wells through fractures generated by heating and be pumped up to the surface.
Cite this paper
nullY. Pan, L. Xiao, C. Chen and S. Yang, "Development of Radio Frequency Heating Technology for Shale Oil Extraction," Open Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2012, pp. 66-69. doi: 10.4236/ojapps.2012.22008.
 R. J. Li and D. L. Xie, “Research and Development Technologies of Novel Oil Shale Utilization,” Modem Chemical Industry, Vol. 30, No. 5, 2010, pp.16-20.
 J. R. Dyni, “Geology and Resources of Some World Oil Shale Deposit,” Oil Shale, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2003, pp. 193- 252.
 C. F. Knutson, “Developments in Oil Shale in 1989,” AAPG Bulletin, Vol. 74, 1990, pp. 372-379
 C. Yan and X. M. Jiang, “The Utilization Research of Oil Shale Resources in China,” China Resource, No. 9, 2000, pp. 22-26.
 D. X. Liu, H. Y. Wang, D. W. Zheng, C. H. Fang and Z. X. Ge, “Research of In-Situ Technology in the World Oil Shale Extraction,” Nature Gas Industry, Vol. 29, No. 5, 2009, pp. 128-132.
 K. D. Savag, “Method of Heating an Oil Shale Formation,” US Patent No. 4524826, 1985.
 H. L. Liu, D. X. Liu, C. H. Fang, H. Q. Xue and H. Y. Wang, “Microwave Heating Technology of In-Situ Oil Shale Developing,” Acta Petraolei Sinica, Vol. 31, No. 4, 2010, pp. 623-625.
 H. J. Heat, “Sources with Conductive Material for In-Situ Thermal Processing of an Oil Shale Formation,” US Pat- ent No. 6929067, 2005.
 F. G. Wen and G. F. Zhu, “The Development of World Oil Shale Production Technology,” Foreign Oilfield Engineering, Vol. 25, No. 1, 2009, pp. 1-5.
 X. W. Feng, C. Chen and D. Y. Chen, “Research of InSitu Technology in Oil Shale Extraction,” China Mining, Vol. 20, No. 6, 2011, pp. 84-87.
 K. Hatfield, R. Coates and D. Smoot, “Method for Recovery of Hydrocarbon Oils from Oil Shale and Other Carbonaceous Solids,” US Patent No. 0202985 A1, 2008.