OJMetal  Vol.2 No.1 , March 2012
Thermal Stability of Ni-Fe Alloy Foils Continuously Electrodeposited in a Fluorborate Bath
ABSTRACT
Nanocrystalline Ni-Fe alloy foils were fabricated by using a continuous electrodeposition system, and then they were annealed at different temperatures ranging from room temperature to 650 ℃. A ductile-brittle-ductile evolution of these alloy foils was observed along with the increase of annealing temperature, and was affected by iron content. The first and second transformation took place at below 300 ℃ and over 500 ℃, respectively. Iron improved thermal stability of nanocrystalline Ni-Fe alloys. The XRD data indicated that for Ni100-xFex (x > 55) alloys bcc to fcc phase transformed at 300 ℃ and completely at 500℃.

Cite this paper
W. Chang, Y. Wei, J. Guo and F. He, "Thermal Stability of Ni-Fe Alloy Foils Continuously Electrodeposited in a Fluorborate Bath," Open Journal of Metal, Vol. 2 No. 1, 2012, pp. 18-23. doi: 10.4236/ojmetal.2012.21003.
References
[1]   P. C. Andricacos, C. Arana, J. Tabib, J. Dukovic and L. T. Romankiw, “Electrodeposition of Nickel-Iron Alloys,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 136, No. 5, 1989, pp. 1136-1340. doi:10.1149/1.2096917

[2]   D. L. Grimmett, M. Schwartz and K. Nobe, “Comparison of DC and Pulsed Fe-Ni Alloy Deposits,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 140, No. 4, 1993, pp. 1136- 1340. doi:10.1149/1.2056238

[3]   C. Cheung, F. Djuanda, U. Erb and G. Palumbo, “Electrodeposition of Nanocrystalline Ni-Fe Alloys,” Nanostructured Materials, Vol. 5, No. 5, 1995, pp. 513-523. doi:10.1016/0965-9773(95)00264-F

[4]   P. C. Andricacos and N. Robertson, “Future Directions in Electroplated Materials for Thin-Film Recording Heads,” IBM Journal of Research and Developement, Vol. 42, No. 5, 1998, pp. 671-680. doi:10.1147/rd.425.0671

[5]   S. D. Leith, S. Ramli, D. T. Schwartz and J. Electrochem, “Characterization of NixFe1-x (0.10 < x < 0.95) ElectroDeposition from a Family of Sulfamate-Chloride Electrolytes,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 146, No. 4, 1999, pp. 1431-1435. doi:10.1149/1.1391781

[6]   A. Afshar, A. G. Dolati and M. Ghorbani, “Electrochemi- cal Characterization of the Ni-Fe Alloy Electrodepositon from Chloride-Citrate-Glycolic Acid Solutions,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 72, No. 2, 2002, pp. 352-258.

[7]   A. Ispas, H. Matsushima, W. Plieth, A. Bund, “Influence of a Magnetic Field on the Electrodeposition of Nickel-Iron Alloys,” Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 52, No. 8, 2007, pp. 2785-2795. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2006.10.064

[8]   P. Fricoteaux and C. Rousse, “Influence of Substrate, pH and Magnetic Field onto Composition and Current Efficiency of Electrodeposited Ni-Fe Alloys,” Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 612, No. 1, 2008, pp. 9-14. doi:10.1016/j.jelechem.2007.08.022

[9]   H. Li and F. Ebrahimi, “Synthesis and Characterization of Electrodeposited Nanocrystalline Nickel-Iron Alloys,” Materials Science and Engineering: A, Vol. 347, No. 1-2, 2003, pp. 93-101. doi:10.1016/S0921-5093(02)00586-5

[10]   F. Ebrahimi and H. Li, “Grain Growth In Electrodeposited Nanocrystalline Fcc Ni-Fe Alloys,” Scripta Materialia, Vol. 55, No. 3, 2006, pp. 263-366. doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2006.03.053

[11]   F. R. Bento and L. H. Mascaro, “Electrocrystallisation of Fe-Ni Alloys from Chloride Electrolytes,” Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 201, No. 3-4, 2006, pp. 1752- 1756. doi:10.1016/j.surfcoat.2006.02.055

[12]   F. Czerwinski, H. Li, M. Megret, J. A. Szpunar, D. G. Clark and U. Erb, “The Evolution of Texture and Grain Size During Annealing of Nanocrystalline Ni-45% Fe Electrodeposits,” Scripta Materialia, Vol. 37, No. 12, 1997, pp. 1967-1972. doi:10.1016/S1359-6462(97)00390-4

[13]   H. Li and F. Ebrahimi, “An investigation of Thermal Stability and Microhardness of Electrodeposited Nanocrystalline Nickel-21% Iron Alloys,” Acta Materialia, Vol. 51, No. 13, 2003, pp. 3905-3913. doi:10.1016/S1359-6454(03)00215-5

[14]   H. Li and F. Ebrahimi, “Ductile-to-Brittle Transition in Nanocrystalline Metals,” Advanced Materials, Vol. 17, No. 16, 2005, pp. 1969-1972. doi:10.1002/adma.200500436

[15]   H. Li, P. K. Liaw, H. Choo, et al., “Temperature-Depen- dent Mechanical Behavior of a Nanostructured Ni-Fe Alloy,” Materials Science and Engineering: A, Vol. 493, No. 1-2, 2008, pp. 93-96. doi:10.1016/j.msea.2007.08.085

[16]   H. Li and F. Ebrahimi, “Grain Growth in Electrodeposited Nanocrystalline Fcc Ni-Fe Alloys,” Scripta Materialia, Vol. 55, No. 3, 2006, pp. 263-366. doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2006.03.053

[17]   I. Tabakovic, V. Intruri, J. Thurn and M. Kief, “Properties of Ni1?xFex (0.1 < x < 0.9) and Invar (x = 0.64) Alloys Obtained by Electrodeposition,” Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 55, No. 22, 2010, pp. 6749-6754. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2010.05.095

[18]   J. H. Seo, J. K. Kim, T. H. Yim and Y. B. Park, “Textrures and Grain Growth in Nanocrystalline Fe-Ni Alloys,” Materials Science Forum, Vol. 475-479, 2005, pp. 3483-3488. doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.475-479.3483

[19]   M. Thuvander, M. Abraham, A. Cerezo and G.D.W. Smith, “Thermal Stability of Electrodeposited Nanocrystalline Nickel and Iron-Nickel Alloys,” Materials Science and Technology, Vol. 17, No. 8, 2001, pp. 961-970. doi:10.1179/026708301101510799

[20]   C. H. Huang, “Effect of Organic Additives on the Electro- formed Nickel Alloys,” Metal Finishing, Vol. 91, No. 6, 1993, pp. 107-110.

[21]   W. R. Wearmouth and K. C. Belt, “Electroforming with Heat-Resistant Sulfur-Hardened Nickel,” Pltating and Surface Finishing, Vol. 66, No. 10, 1979, pp. 53-57.

[22]   C. H. Huang, J. R. Jan, W. Y Shu and H. M. Wu, “Study of Sulfur Embrittlement in Electroformed Ni-Re Alloy,” Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 36, No. 18, 2001, pp. 4385-4391. doi:10.1023/A:1017962215151

[23]   C. W. Su, E. L. Wang, Y. B. Zhang and F. J. He, “Ni1?xFex (0.1 < x < 0.75) Alloy Foils Prepared From a Fluorborate Bath Using Electrochemical Deposition,” Jounal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 474, No. 1-2, 2009, pp. 190-194. doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2008.06.050

[24]   C. W. Su, F. J. He, H. Jui, Y. B. Zhang and E. L. Wang, “Electrodeposition of Ni, Fe and Ni-Fe Alloys on a 316 Stainless Steel Surface in a Fluorborate Bath,” Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 54, No. 26, 2009, pp. 6257-6263. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2009.05.076

[25]   J. W. Dini and H. R. Johnson, “The Influence of Nickel Sulfamate Operating Parameters on the Impurity Content and Properties of Electrodeposits,” Thin Solid Films, Vol. 54, No. 2, 1978, pp. 183-188. doi:10.1016/0040-6090(78)90197-9

[26]   G. Cacciamani, A. Dinsdale, M. Palumbo and A. Pasturel, “The Fe-Ni System: Thermodynamic Modelling Assisted by Atomistic Calculations,” Intermetallics, Vol. 18, No. 6, 2010, pp. 1148-1162. doi:10.1016/j.intermet.2010.02.026

[27]   A. K. Dokania, B. Kocdemir, R. Diebolder, J. Cai, R. J. Behm, R. Hibst and U. Herr, “α to γ Phase Transformation in Electrodeposited Invar Film by Short Pulse Laser Treatment,” Materials Science and Engineering: A, Vol. 456, No. 1, 2007, pp. 64-71. doi:10.1016/j.msea.2006.11.141

[28]   C. Gu, J. Lian, Q. Jiang and Z. Jiang, “Ductile-Brittle-Du- citile Transition in an Electrodeposited 13 Nanometer Grain Sized Ni-8.6 wt% Co Alloy,” Materials Science and Engineering: A, Vol. 459, No. 1-2, 2007, 75-81.

 
 
Top