AJPS  Vol.3 No.3 , March 2012
Identification of Candidate Genes Related to Polyploidy and/or Apomixis in Eragrostis curvula
Abstract: This work was aimed at identifying genes that show altered expression profiles in response to changes in ploidy and/or reproductive mode (from sexual to apomictic) in the African grass Eragrostis curvula. A differential display analysis was performed on leaf and flower transcriptomes from a series of genetically related euploid plants, including tetraploid apomictic, diploid sexual, and tetraploid sexual plants. More than 100 primer combinations were used to generate 11,864 total markers, yielding 1293 differential bands. Of these bands, 11.84% to 6.74% were related to ploidy and 0.71% to 2.17% to the reproductive mode, depending on the tissue. A small percentage of bands showed similar expressions between the tetraploid apomictic and the diploid sexual plants. Expression-based similarity dendrograms were constructed. Our data suggested that ploidy is more decisive than tissue type in defining the transcriptome structure. Out of 102 fragments sequenced, 50 showed strong homology to known genes. The differentially expressed genes were mapped in silico onto maize chromosomes. Several candidates mapped within the linkage group syntenic to the Tripsacum dactyloides diplospory-governing region. The evidence indicates that expression of genes located around the diplospory-associated region may be strongly influenced by ploidy and may be silenced in the apomictic genotype. These findings are discussed in the context of diplospory molecular control and its connection with ploidy.
Cite this paper: J. Selva, S. C. Pessino, M. S. Meier and V. C. Echenique, "Identification of Candidate Genes Related to Polyploidy and/or Apomixis in Eragrostis curvula," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2012, pp. 403-416. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2012.33049.

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