IJOC  Vol.2 No.1 , March 2012
Lipopeptides for the Fragment-Based Pharmaceutics Design
ABSTRACT
This paper describes the synthesis of peptide fragments for use in a new type of combinatorial discovery technology, in which the building blocks are brought together by non-covalent interactions, rather than direct chemical bonding. The building blocks of interest—in this case different amino acids—are converted to amphiphiles by attachment to lipid tails. The amphiphiles, when mixed together in aqueous phase, are designed so that they aggregate spontaneously to form micelles. The building blocks form the headgroups of each of the amphiphiles, and these headgroups cover the surface of the micelle in a dynamic close-packed fluid mosaic array. These building blocks come together so closely that two- or three-dimensional structures are created on the surface of the micelles, and these can be screened in biological assays to find out which combination of building blocks is able to elicit a biological response. Lipopeptides consisting of two residues of lipoamino acid and other amino acids moieties have been designed, synthesized, characterized and the ability of these constructs to form supra-molecular assemblies is demonstrated.

Cite this paper
Z. M. Ziora, N. Wimmer, R. New, M. Skwarczynski and I. Toth, "Lipopeptides for the Fragment-Based Pharmaceutics Design," International Journal of Organic Chemistry, Vol. 2 No. 1, 2012, pp. 75-81. doi: 10.4236/ijoc.2012.21013.
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