AASoci  Vol.2 No.1 , March 2012
A Study on Hierarchical/Normative Order, Marriage and Family Patterns in Bin Yousuf Tribe of Southeastern Turkey
ABSTRACT
Ashirat (tribe), an Arabic-origin word, defines the first and the most important community among the small groups, constituting a tribe and it refers to a big family. The aim of this study is to describe hierarchical order and social status, normative/legal order and marriage and family patterns in Bin Yousuf ashirat settled in Harran valley of Sanliurfa province, Southeastern Turkey. Naimi and Bradat are the two clans loyal to Bin Yousuf ashirat. In this study, by using techniques of in-depth interview, observation and focus group interviews, a qualitative research was carried out upon the members of the Bin Yousuf Tribe. Results of the study revealed that the basic feature of this social structure is the loyalty to the introverted institutions such as the tribe and aghaism, which are interlaced with each other through the very long history. Ashirat as an institution in the area where there is no strong governmental organization or security over any matter, maintains its function in overcoming difficulties and solving the problems such as the need of getting and using bank loans, establishing security and solidarity. This situation considerably maintains the loyalty of the members to the ashirat.

Cite this paper
Icli, T. , Okten, S. & Boyacıoglu, A. (2012). A Study on Hierarchical/Normative Order, Marriage and Family Patterns in Bin Yousuf Tribe of Southeastern Turkey. Advances in Applied Sociology, 2, 19-29. doi: 10.4236/aasoci.2012.21003.
References
[1]   Aksoy S. (1992). The issue of land ownership. The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey, Journal of Science and Technology, 292, pp. 52-53.

[2]   Altuntek, N. S. (2001). An evaluation of the research on marriage and kinship in Turkey. Journal of Faculty of Letters, 18, pp. 17-28.

[3]   Altuntek, N. S. (2008). A symbolic-cognitive approach to the concept of honor. Journal of Faculty of Letters, 25, pp. 37-58.

[4]   Baran, A., & N. ?abuk, (1998.) ?anl?urfa harran valleys in land and village development project. Ankara: GAP Administration.

[5]   Crone Patricia (1986). The tribe and the state. In J. A. Hall (Ed.), States in history. Oxford: Blackwell.

[6]   Do?anay, F. (1997). Harran valley in social and cultural transformation process and the southeastern Anatolia project experience. Ankara: DPT.

[7]   Erdost, M. ?. (1987). ?emdinli interview. ?stanbul: Onur.

[8]   G?kalp Z. (1992). Sociological analysis on Kurdish Tribes. ?stanbul: Sosyal.

[9]   Horwitz, A. V. (1990). The logic of social control. New York: Springer.

[10]   K?l??, R. (2005). Sayyids and Sharifs in the Ottoman Empire. ?stanbul: Kitap.

[11]   ?kten, ?. (2004). A Sociological Analysis of development Attempts in Turkey: The Southeastern Anatolia Project. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Ankara: University of Hacettepe.

[12]   ?kten, ?. (2010). Blood feud: Vengenance of blood or the collective fight for honour. Journal of Anthropology, 24, pp. 165-187.

[13]   ?kten, ?. (2010). Sociological identity of power: The form and sources of power in tribes. Journal of Sociological Research, 13, pp. 183-215.

[14]   Reading, H. F. (1978). A dictionary of the social sciences. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

[15]   Sencer, M. (1993). Research on development trends in the region of southeastern Anatolia project. Ankara: TMMOB.

[16]   Tapper, R. (2004). Frontier nomads of Iran. Ankara: ?mge.

[17]   Türkdo?an, O. (1998). Southeastern identity: Tribe, culture and people. ?stanbul: Alfa.

[18]   Van Bruinessen, M. (2003). Agha, shaikh and state. ?stanbul: ?leti?im.

[19]   Yal??n-Heckmann, L. (2002). Tribe and kinship among the kurds. ?stanbul: ?leti?im.

[20]   Yalkin, A. R. (1997). Turkmenian clans in the South. Ankara: Ministry of Culture.

[21]   Yinan?, R. (1995). The composition of population and ethnic structure in Anatolia according to the ottoman tax registers. Ankara: Türk Yurdu.

 
 
Top