Classical Interpretations of Relativistic Phenomena

Author(s)
Sankar Hajra

ABSTRACT

Electric charges, electric & magnetic fields and electromagnetic energy possess momentum and energy which we could experience with our sense organs. Therefore, all these are real physical entities (objects). All physical objects are sub- ject to gravitation. Therefore, electromagnetic entities should similarly be subject to gravitation. In this paper, we have shown that classical physics with this simple consideration is equivalent to the theory of relativity—special & general— to explain many puzzling electrodynamic as well as gravitational phenomena.

Electric charges, electric & magnetic fields and electromagnetic energy possess momentum and energy which we could experience with our sense organs. Therefore, all these are real physical entities (objects). All physical objects are sub- ject to gravitation. Therefore, electromagnetic entities should similarly be subject to gravitation. In this paper, we have shown that classical physics with this simple consideration is equivalent to the theory of relativity—special & general— to explain many puzzling electrodynamic as well as gravitational phenomena.

Cite this paper

S. Hajra, "Classical Interpretations of Relativistic Phenomena,"*Journal of Modern Physics*, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2012, pp. 187-199. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2012.32026.

S. Hajra, "Classical Interpretations of Relativistic Phenomena,"

References

[1] O. Heaviside, “The Electromagnetic Effect of Moving Point Charge,” The Electrician, Vol. 22, 1888, pp. 147- 148.

[2] O. Heaviside, “On the Electromagnetic Effects Due to the Motion of Electricity through a Dielectric,” Philosophical Magazine, Vol. 27, No. 5, 1889, pp. 324-339.

[3] J. J. Thomson, “On the Magnetic Effects Produced by Motion in the Electric Field,” Philosophical Magazine, Vol. 28, No. 170, 1889, pp. 1-14.

[4] H. A. Lorentz, “The Theory of Electron,” Dover Publi- cations Inc., New York, 1951, pp. 35-36, 245-246.

[5] S. Hajra, “The Cross Radial Force,” Proceedings, Natural Philosophy Alliance, Vol. 8, College Park, 2011, pp. 235- 240.

[6] W. B. Morton, “Notes on the Electromagnetic Theory of Moving Charges,” Philosophical Magazine, Vol. 41, 1896, pp. 488-494.

[7] E. T. Whittaker, “A History of the Theories of Aether and Electricity,” Longmans, Green, and Co., London, 1910, pp. 341-342.

[8] J. R. Oppenheimer, “Lecture on Electrodynamics,” Gor- don and Breach Science Publishers, New York, 1970, pp. 57-58.

[9] A. L. Miller, “Albert Einstein’s Special Theory of Rela- tivity,” Springer, Berlin, 1981, pp. 98-99.

[10] A. Liénard, “Champ électrique et Magnétique,” L’éclairage électrique, Vol. 16, No. 27-29, 1898, pp. 5-14, 53-59, 106- 112.

[11] E. Wiechert, “Elektrodynamische Elementargesetze,” Archives Néerlandaises, Vol. 5, 1900, pp. 549-573.

[12] O. D. Jefimenko, “Direct Calculation of the Electric and Magnetic Fields of an Electric Point Charge Moving with Constant Velocity,” American Journal of Physics, Vol. 62, No. 1, 1994, pp. 79-85. doi:10.1119/1.17716

[13] O. Heaviside, “Electric Papers, Vol. 2,” Macmillan and Company, New York and London, 1892, p. 514.

[14] S. Hajra, “Collapse of GRT: EM Interaction with Gravity derived from Maxwell and Newton,” Galilean Electro- dynamics, Vol. 18, No. 4, 2007, pp. 73-76.

[15] S. Hajra, “A Study on the Interaction of Gravitating Fields with Electromagnetic Entities,” Journal of Gravitational Physics, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2008, pp. 7-22.

[16] R. P. Feynman, R. B. Leighton and M. Sands, “The Fey- nman Lectures on Physics, Vol. 1,” Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, 1998, p. 23.

[17] R. P. Feynman, R. B. Leighton and M. Sands, “The Feyn- man Lectures on Physics, Vol. 3,” Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, 1998, p. 1405.

[18] V. M. Starzhinskii, “An Advance Course of Theoretical Mechanics,” Mir Publishers, Moscow, 1982, pp. 264-265.

[19] S. Hajra, “A Critical Analysis of Special Relativity,” Pro- ceedings, Physical Interpretations of Relativity Theory, London, 2000, p. 146.

[20] C. A. Zapffe, “Bradley Aberration and Einstein Space Time,” Indian Journal of Theoretical Physics, Vol. 40, 1992, pp. 145-148.

[21] H. R. Bilger, G. E. Stedman, Z. Li, U. Schreiber and M. Schneider, “Ring Lasers for Geodesy,” IEEE Transac- tions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. 44, No. 2, 1995, pp. 469-470. doi:10.1109/19.377882

[22] D. Ghosh, “The Michelson-Morley Experiment,” Indian Journal of Theoretical Physics, Vol. 42, No. 3, 1994, pp. 73-79.

[23] K. C. Kar, “A New Approach to the Theory of Relativity,” Institute of Theoretical Physics, Calcutta, 1970, pp. 52-57.

[1] O. Heaviside, “The Electromagnetic Effect of Moving Point Charge,” The Electrician, Vol. 22, 1888, pp. 147- 148.

[2] O. Heaviside, “On the Electromagnetic Effects Due to the Motion of Electricity through a Dielectric,” Philosophical Magazine, Vol. 27, No. 5, 1889, pp. 324-339.

[3] J. J. Thomson, “On the Magnetic Effects Produced by Motion in the Electric Field,” Philosophical Magazine, Vol. 28, No. 170, 1889, pp. 1-14.

[4] H. A. Lorentz, “The Theory of Electron,” Dover Publi- cations Inc., New York, 1951, pp. 35-36, 245-246.

[5] S. Hajra, “The Cross Radial Force,” Proceedings, Natural Philosophy Alliance, Vol. 8, College Park, 2011, pp. 235- 240.

[6] W. B. Morton, “Notes on the Electromagnetic Theory of Moving Charges,” Philosophical Magazine, Vol. 41, 1896, pp. 488-494.

[7] E. T. Whittaker, “A History of the Theories of Aether and Electricity,” Longmans, Green, and Co., London, 1910, pp. 341-342.

[8] J. R. Oppenheimer, “Lecture on Electrodynamics,” Gor- don and Breach Science Publishers, New York, 1970, pp. 57-58.

[9] A. L. Miller, “Albert Einstein’s Special Theory of Rela- tivity,” Springer, Berlin, 1981, pp. 98-99.

[10] A. Liénard, “Champ électrique et Magnétique,” L’éclairage électrique, Vol. 16, No. 27-29, 1898, pp. 5-14, 53-59, 106- 112.

[11] E. Wiechert, “Elektrodynamische Elementargesetze,” Archives Néerlandaises, Vol. 5, 1900, pp. 549-573.

[12] O. D. Jefimenko, “Direct Calculation of the Electric and Magnetic Fields of an Electric Point Charge Moving with Constant Velocity,” American Journal of Physics, Vol. 62, No. 1, 1994, pp. 79-85. doi:10.1119/1.17716

[13] O. Heaviside, “Electric Papers, Vol. 2,” Macmillan and Company, New York and London, 1892, p. 514.

[14] S. Hajra, “Collapse of GRT: EM Interaction with Gravity derived from Maxwell and Newton,” Galilean Electro- dynamics, Vol. 18, No. 4, 2007, pp. 73-76.

[15] S. Hajra, “A Study on the Interaction of Gravitating Fields with Electromagnetic Entities,” Journal of Gravitational Physics, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2008, pp. 7-22.

[16] R. P. Feynman, R. B. Leighton and M. Sands, “The Fey- nman Lectures on Physics, Vol. 1,” Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, 1998, p. 23.

[17] R. P. Feynman, R. B. Leighton and M. Sands, “The Feyn- man Lectures on Physics, Vol. 3,” Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, 1998, p. 1405.

[18] V. M. Starzhinskii, “An Advance Course of Theoretical Mechanics,” Mir Publishers, Moscow, 1982, pp. 264-265.

[19] S. Hajra, “A Critical Analysis of Special Relativity,” Pro- ceedings, Physical Interpretations of Relativity Theory, London, 2000, p. 146.

[20] C. A. Zapffe, “Bradley Aberration and Einstein Space Time,” Indian Journal of Theoretical Physics, Vol. 40, 1992, pp. 145-148.

[21] H. R. Bilger, G. E. Stedman, Z. Li, U. Schreiber and M. Schneider, “Ring Lasers for Geodesy,” IEEE Transac- tions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. 44, No. 2, 1995, pp. 469-470. doi:10.1109/19.377882

[22] D. Ghosh, “The Michelson-Morley Experiment,” Indian Journal of Theoretical Physics, Vol. 42, No. 3, 1994, pp. 73-79.

[23] K. C. Kar, “A New Approach to the Theory of Relativity,” Institute of Theoretical Physics, Calcutta, 1970, pp. 52-57.