ABSTRACT Soil is a heterogeneous medium which consist of liquid, solid, and gaseous phases. The solid and liquid phases play an essential role in soil spontaneous electrical phenomena and in behaviour of electrical fields, artificially created in soil. Soil electrical properties are the parameters of natural and artificially created electrical fields in soils and influenced by distribution of mobile electrical charges, mostly inorganic ions, in soils. Geophysical method of electrical resistivity was used for measuring soil electrical properties and tested in different soil studies. Laboratory tests were performed for the numbers of clayey sandy soil samples taken from Batu Uban area. The empirical correlations between electrical parameter, percentage of liquid limit, plastic limit, plasticity index, moisture content and effective soil cohesion were obtained via curvilinear models. The ranges of the soil samples are changed between 229 Ωm to 927 Ωm for resistivity (ρ), 6.01 kN/m2 to 14.27 kN/m2 for effective soil cohesion (C'), 35.08 kN/m2 to 51.47 kN/m2 for internal fiction angle (?'), 38% to 88% for moisture content (W), 33% to 78% for liquid limit (WL), 21% to 43% for plastic limit (Wp) and 11% to 35% for plasticity index (PI). These empirical correlations model developed in this study provides a very useful tool to relate electrical resistivity with effective cohesion, internal friction angle (strength), void ratio, porosity, degree of saturation, moisture content, liquid limit, plastic limit and plasticity index in context of medium-grained of clayey sandy soil that is, its fluid behaviours.
Cite this paper
A. Bery and R. Saad, "Tropical Clayey Sand Soil's Behaviour Analysis and Its Empirical Correlations via Geophysics Electrical Resistivity Method and Engineering Soil Characterizations," International Journal of Geosciences, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2012, pp. 111-116. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2012.31013.
 J. E. Bowles, “Engineering Properties of Soils and Their Meas-urements,” McGraw Hill Publication, New York, 1992.
 X. Dong, “Characterization of Soil Behavior Using Electromag-netic Wave-Based Technique,” Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, 2006.
 H. Rahardjo, E. C. Leong and S. K. Tang, “Charac-terisation and Engineering Properties of Singapore Residual Soils,” Proceeding of Specialty Workshop on Characterisation and Engineering Properties of Natural Soils, Singapore, 2-4 December 2003, pp. 1279-1304.
 T. T. Soon and K. K. Phoon, “Preface,” Proceeding of Specialty Workshop on Char-acterisation and Engineering Properties of Natural Soils, Sin-gapore, 2-4 December 2003, pp. IX-X.
 E. F. Bergman and T. L. McKnight, “Introduction to Geography,” Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 2000, pp. 73- 79.
 M. B. Dobrin and C. H. Savit, “Introduction to Geophysical Prospecting,” McGraw Hill, New York, 1988.
 A. A. Bery, R. Saad, N. M. Mustaza, N. A. Ismail, N. El Hidayah Ismail and E. Tonnizam, “Slope Stability Analysis via Soil’s Geotechnical Properties and Its Geophysical Characterizations,” National Geoscience Conference, Malaysia, 11-12 June 2011, p. 158.
 A. L. Streckeisen, “Classification and Nomenclature of Igneous Rocks,” Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie (Abhandlungen), Vol. 107, No. 2-3, 1969, pp. 144-240.
 L. A. Pozdnyakova, A. I. Pozdnyakov and L. O. Karpachevsky, “Study Hydrology of Valley Agricultural La- ndscapes with Electrical Resistance Methods,” Proceeding of XXI Assembly of European Geo-physical Society, HS16 “The Hydrology of Small Agricultural Catchments”, Hague, 1996, pp. 341-352.
 J. M. Reynolds, “An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics,” John Willey & Sons Ltd., New York, 1997.
 R. E. Hunt, “Geotechnical Engineering Investigation Handbook,” 2nd Edi-tion, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Rotan, 2005.
 M. D. Braja, “Fundamental of Geotechnical Engineering,” Brooks/Cole Publishing Company, Belmont, 2000.