OJPC  Vol.2 No.1 , February 2012
Quasicrystals
ABSTRACT
Quasicrystals are material with perfect long-range order, but with no three-dimensional translation periodicity. They are typically binary and ternary metallic alloys. Quasicrystals have characteristic physical properties. Some resemble those of periodic crystals while others have similar properties to amorphous alloys. Many of their mechanical physical prop- erties are quite unusual by the standards of common metals. The peculiar physical properties of quasicrystals certainly give rise to the hope that they may become of some practical importance in the future. Some of these properties are surface related. This provides the main motivation for surface scientists to study this material. In this paper; quasicrystals, types of them, physical properties, surface science and potential applications of them have been discussed.

Cite this paper
F. Samavat, M. Tavakoli, S. Habibi, B. Jaleh and P. Ahmad, "Quasicrystals," Open Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 2 No. 1, 2012, pp. 7-14. doi: 10.4236/ojpc.2012.21002.
References
[1]   C. Kittel, "Introduction to Solid State Physics", John Wiley (1983).

[2]   D. Shechtman, I. Blech and D. Gratias, “Metallic Phase with Long-Range Orientational Order and No Translational Symmetry,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 53b, No. 20, 1984, pp. 1951-1953.

[3]   A. I. Goldman and M. Widom, Annual Reviews of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 92, 685 (1991). doi:10.1146/annurev.pc.42.100191.003345

[4]   S. S. Kang, J. M. Dubois and J. Von Stebut, “Tribological Properties of Quasicrystalline Coatings,” Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 8, No. 10, 1993, pp. 2471-2481. doi:10.1557/JMR.1993.2471

[5]   J. M. Dubois, S. S. Kaing and A. Perrot, Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. A179/A180, 1994, pp. 122-126.

[6]   A. I. Goldman and M. Widom, “Quasicrystal Structure abd Properties,” Annual Review of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 42, 1991, pp. 685-729. doi:10.1146/annurev.pc.42.100191.003345

[7]   http://mcs.open.ac.uk/ugg2/quasi_intro2.html-ssi.

[8]   T. Ishimasa, H. Nissen and Y. Fukano, “New ordered state between crystalline and amorphous in Ni-Cr particles,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 55, No. 5, 1985, pp. 511-513. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.55.511

[9]   L. Bendersky, “Quasicrystal with One-Dimensional Translational Symmetry and a Tenfold Rotation Axis,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 55, No. 14, 1985, pp. 1461-1463. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.55.1461

[10]   N. Wang, H. Chen and K. H. Kuo, “Two-Dimensional Quasicrystal with Eightfold Rotational Symmetry,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 59, No. 9, 1987, p. 1010-1013. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.59.1010

[11]   U. Koster, W. Liu, H. Liebertz and M. Michel, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 153-154, 1993, pp. 446-452. doi:10.1016/0022-3093(93)90393-C

[12]   Y. Yokoyama, A. Inoue and T. Masumoto, Materials Transactions, Vol. 34, 1993, pp. 135-145.

[13]   S. S. Kang, J. M. Dubois and J. Von Stebut, Materials Research, Vol. 8, 1993, p. 2471. doi:10.1557/JMR.1993.2471

[14]   J. M. Dubois, In: A. I. Goldman, D. J. Sordelet and P. A. Thiel, Eds., Proceedings of the Conference New Horizons in Quasicrystals, World Scientific, Singapore City, Vol. 77, 1997, pp. 1928-1938.

[15]   D. Kovar and M. J. Ready, “Role of Grain Size in Strength Variability of Alumina,” American Ceramic Society, Vol. 77, No. 7, 1994, pp. 1928-1938. doi:10.1111/j.1151-2916.1994.tb07073.x

[16]   H. E. Boyer, T. L. Gall, “Metals Handbook,” Desk Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, 1984.

[17]   I. M. Hutchings, “Tribology: Frictions and Wear Engineering Materials,” CRC, Boca Raton, 1992.

[18]   J. M. Dubois and P. Weinland, “CNRS, Nancy, France, Coating Materials for Metal Alloys and Metals and Method,” Eur. Patent Ep 0356287 Al and U.S. Patent 5, Vol. 204, 1993, p. 191.

[19]   F. R. de Boer, R. Boom, W. C. M Mattens, A. R. Meidema and A. K. Niessen, “Cohesion in Metals,” North-Holland,; Amsterdam, 1988.

[20]   S. L. Chang, W. B. Chin, C. M. Zhang, C. J. Jenks and P. A. Thiel, “Oxygen Adsorption on a Single-Grain, Quasicrystal Surface,” Surface Science, Vol. 337, No. 1-2, 1995, pp. 135-146. doi:10.1016/0039-6028(95)00564-1

[21]   S. L. Chang, C. M. Zhang, C. J. Jenks, J. W. Andereg and P. A. Thiel, In: C. Janot and R. Mosseri, Eds., Procceding of the 5th International Conference on Quasicrystals, World Scientific, Singapore, 1995, pp. 786-789.

[22]   Y. Yokoyama, A. P. Tsai, A. Inoue and T. Masumoto, Materials Transactions, Vol. 32, 1991, pp. 1089-1097.

[23]   Y. Yokoyama, T. Miura, A. P. Tsai, A. Inoue, T. Masumotos, Materials Transactions, Vol. 33, 1992, pp. 97-101.

[24]   C. J. Jenks, P. J. Pinhero, S. L. Chang, J. W. Anderegy, M. F. Besser, D. J. Sordelet and P. A. Thiel, In A. I. Goldman, D. J. Sordelet, P. A. Thiel and J. M. Dubois, Eds., Proceedings of the Conference New Horizons in Quasicrystals, World Scientific, Singapore, 1997, pp. 157-164.

[25]   A. R. Kortan, R. S. Becker, P. A. Thiel and H. S. Chen, “Real-Space Atomic Structure of a Two-Dimensional Decagonal Quasicrystal,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 64, No. 2, 1990, pp. 200-203. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.64.200

[26]   F. R. Deboer, R. Boom, W. C. M. Mattens, A. R. Meidema and A. K. Niessen, “Cohesion in Metals,” North- Holland, Amsterdam, 1988.

[27]   N. Rivier, Proceeding of the Conference, New Horizons in Quasicrystals, Research and Applications, World Scientific, Singapore, 1997, p. 188.

[28]   J. M. Dubois, P. Plaindoux, E. Belin-Ferre, N. Tamure and D. J. Sordelet, Proceeding of the 6th International Conference on Quasicrystals, World Scientific, Singapore, 1998, p. 733.

[29]   http://www.inductionsystems.com/cookware/cybernox.htm.

[30]   S. Takeuchi and T. Fujiwara (Eds.), Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Quasicrystals, World Scientific, Singapore, 1998.

[31]   G. Coddens, A. M. Viano, P. C. Gibbons, K. F. Kelton and M. J. Kramer, “Time-of-Flight Neutron Scattering Study of Hydrogen Dynamics in Icosahedral Ti45Zr38 Ni17H150 Quasicrystals,” Solid State Communications, Vol. 104, 1997, pp. 179-182. doi:10.1016/S0038-1098(97)00110-5

[32]   P. Archamboult and C. Janot, MRS Bulletin, Vol. 22, 48 (1997).

[33]   A. I. Goldman and P. A. Thiel, Horizons in Quasicrysral Research, 1999, pp. 561-601.

[34]   P. A. Kalugin and A. Katz, “A Mechanism for Self- Diffusion in Quasi-Crystals,” Europhysics Letters, Vol. 21, No. 9, 1993, p. 921. doi:10.1209/0295-5075/21/9/008

 
 
Top