ENG  Vol.4 No.2 , February 2012
Ecological Problems Related to Mining-Metallurgical Industries and Innovatory, Energy-Efficient Ways of Solving Them
Abstract: The below stated work scrutinizes ecological risks that are related to mining and metallurgical industries. It analyzes problems caused by pollution of air, soil and water and suggests new possible ways of resolving those problems. Namely, such innovative and energy-efficient technologies are argued as phytoremediation and exothermic self-propagating high-temperature synthesis of solid-phase recovery of metals (SHS). Visual arguments in support of the efficiency of the selected methods are provided.
Cite this paper: G. Jishkariani, G. Jandieri, D. Sakhvadze, G. Tavadze, G. Oniashvili and Z. Aslamazishvili, "Ecological Problems Related to Mining-Metallurgical Industries and Innovatory, Energy-Efficient Ways of Solving Them," Engineering, Vol. 4 No. 2, 2012, pp. 83-89. doi: 10.4236/eng.2012.42011.

[1]   G. Jandieri, D. Sakhvadze and G. Tavadze, “The Current State and Prospects of Manganese Ferroalloy Production in Georgia,” in Russia, Journal of Metallurgicheskoe i Gornorudnoe Pro-mishlennost, Vol. 3. 2011. pp. 34-37

[2]   R. Carrete, M. T. Vidal, A. Bordons, M. Constanti, “In- hibitory Effect of Sulfur Dioxide and Other Stress Compounds in Wine on the ATPase Activity of Oenococcus oeni,” FEMS Microbiology Letters, Vol. 211, No. 2, 2002, pp. 155-159. doi:10.1007/s11015-006-0107-5

[3]   V. Saakadze. Occupational Medicine,” Edition “Zekari”, In Georgia, Tbilisi, 2000. p. 806.

[4]   M. Tsimakuridze, V. Saakadze and M. Tsereteli, “Urgent Problems of Occupational Diseases in Georgia in the Junction of XX-XXI Centuries,” Georgian Medical News, Vol. 6, No. 159, 2008, pp. 62-68.

[5]   J. W. Huang, J. Chen and S. D. Cunningham, “Fytoremediation of Soil and Water Contaminants,” American Chemical Society, Vol. 21, 1997, pp. 283-298.

[6]   S. M. Dushenkov, Y. Kapulnik and M. Blaylock, “Phy- toremediation: A Novel Approach Toan Old Problem,” In: D. L. Wise, Ed., Global Enviromental Biotechnology, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, 1997. pp. 563-572.

[7]   G. E. Boyajian and D. L. Devedjia, “Phytoremediation: It Grows on You,” Soil & Groundwater Cleanup, 1997. pp. 22-26.

[8]   J. Haensler, “Phytoremediation Schwermetallbelasteter B?den durch Einj?hrige Pflazen in Einzelund Mischkultur,” Inaugural-Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakult?t der Heinrich-Heine-Universit?t, Düsseldorf, 2003.

[9]   G. Jish-kariani, M. Mikaberidze, D. Sakhvadze and G. Tavadze, “Cleaning-Reduction of the Soils Polluted by Heavy Metals via the Phytoremediation Method,” Ceorgia Chemical Journal, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2010, pp. 95-105.

[10]   S. E. Matinyan, l. S. Аbovyan, A. B. Harutyunyan and S. L. Kharatyan, “Co-Reducing of Cr2O3 and Fe2O3 under the Combustion Mode and SHS of Cast Ferrochrome Alloys,” Chemical Journal of Armenia, Vol. 60, No. 3, 2007, pp. 382-394

[11]   E. V. Pugacheva, V. N. Borshch, S. Ya. Zhuk, V. N. Sanin and D. E. Andreev, “Polymetallic Catalysts of Deep Oxidation of CO and Hydrocarbons for Purification of Waste Gases,” 14th International Congress on Catalysis, Seoul, 13-18 July 2008, p. 472.

[12]   D. Sakhvadze, G. Tavadze, L. Sakhvadze, G. Jandieri, A. Raphava and R. Gigauri, “Deterimental Effect of Technogene on Environment and Its Utilization by Biotechnological Method,” Georgia Chemical Journal, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2010, pp. 2-7.

[13]   A. G. Merzhanov, I. P. Borovinskaya and V. M. Shkiro, “Wavelike Localization of Auto-braking Hard Phased Reactions,” USSR State Registry of Discoveries, 1967.

[14]   O. S. Bobkova and V. V. Barsegyan, “Prospects of Technologies for the Direct Alloying of Steel from Oxide Melts,” Metallurgist, Vol. 50, No. 9-10, 2006, pp. 463- 468. doi:10.1016/S0378-1097(02)00687-0

[15]   G. Jandieri, Т. Sur-guladze, D. Robaqidze, M. Shalamberidze and B. Shchukin, “Control of the Process of Direct Manganese Alloying of Alloy,” Metal Science and Heat Treatment, Vol. 51, No. 11, 2009, pp. 536-539.

[16]   А. S. Degay, All Way of Melt of the Steel, Russia Patent No. 2194772, 2002.

[17]   K. G. Pugin and V. S. Yushkov, “Fine Iron-Rich Ferrous Metallurgical Dust Recy-cling,” 2010.

[18]   B. P. Krikunov, D. V. Kolesnikov and A. I. Dreyko. “Waste Recovery Methods and Cost Reduction in the Metallurgy,” Metallurgical and Mining Industry, Vol. 4, 2011, pp. 124-128.

[19]   R. Kononov, O. Ostrovski and S. Ganguly, “Carbothermal Solid State Reduction of Manganese Ores,” 2007.