ABSTRACT The particle production in hadron-nucleon (h-N), hadron-nucleus (h-A) and nucleus-nucleus (A-A) collisions at high energies are studied in view of the multi-peripheral model. A multi-peripheral T-matrix element is assumed with multi surface parameter that is functionally dependent on the number of particles in the final state and control the kinematical path of the reaction. A Monte Carlo code is designed to simulate events ac-cording to a hypothetical model, the quark structure of the interacting nucleons is consid-ered. The number of possible nucleon collisions inside the target nucleus plays an important role in folding the (h-N) to generate the (h-A) and (A-A) collisions. The predictions of the model give reasonable agreement with the recently examined experimental data.
Cite this paper
Al-Haydari, A. and Hussein, M. (2010) The multiplicity of particle production from hadron-hadron and nucleus-nucleus interaction. Natural Science, 2, 388-397. doi: 10.4236/ns.2010.24047.
 Bjorken, J.D. (1983) Principles of opticsoo. Physical Review D, 27, 140.
Busza, W. and Goldhaber, A. (1984) Nuclear stopping power. Physics Letters B, 139(4), 235-238.
Barton, D.S., et al. (1983) Experimental-study of the A-dependence of inclusive hadron fragmentation. Physi-cal Review D, 27(11), 2580-2599.
Andersson, B., Gustafson, G. and Nilsson-Almqvist, B. (1987) A model for low-pT hadronic reactions with gen-eralizations to hadron-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus colli-sions. Nuclear Physics B, 281(1-2), 289-309.
Nilsson-Almqvist, B. and Stenlund, E. (1987) Interac-tions between hadrons and nuclei: The Lund Monte Carlo - FRITIOF version 1.6. Computer Physics Com-munications, 43(3), 387-397.
Sorge, H., Von Keitz, A., Mattiello, R., Stocker, H. and Greiner, W. (1990) Energy density, stopping and flow in 10-20 A GeV heavy ion collisions. Physics Letters B, 243, 7-12.
Mattiello, R., et al. (1991) Multistrangeness production in heavy ion collisions. Nuclear Physics B, 24(2), 221-233.
Wang, X.N. and Gyulassy, M. (1991) HIJING: A Monte Carlo model for multiple jet production in pp, pA, and AA collisions. Physical Review D, 44, 3501-3516.
Geiger, K. and Muller, B. (1992) Dynamics of parton cascades in highly relativistic nuclear collisions. Nuclear Physics A, 544(2), 467-470.
Geiger, K. (1992) Thermalization in ultrarelativistic nu-clear collisions I. Parton kinetics and quark-gluon plasma formation. Physical Review D, 46(11), 4965.
Geiger, K. (1993) Particle production in high energy nuclear collisions: Parton cascade—cluster hadronization model. Physical Review D, 47, 133.
Brenner, A.E., et al. (1982) Experimental study of sin-gle-particle inclusive hadron scattering and associated multiplicities. Physical Review D, 26, 1497-1553.
Amati, D., Stanghellini, A. and Fubini, S. (1962) Theory of high-energy scattering and multiple production. Nuovo Cimento, 26, 896-954.
Hassan, N.M. (2007), Charged particle multiplicity pro-duced in neutrino-nucleon interactions at high energies. Scientific Research and Essays, 2(6), 171-176.
Hussein, M.T., Hassan, N. M. and Rabea, A. (1994) ICTP, Trieste, internal report IC/93/111. Nuovo Cimento A, 107, 749.
Hussein, M.T. (1993) ICTP, Trieste, internal report IC/92/166. Nuovo Cimento A, 106, 481.
Byckling, E. and Kajantie, K. (1973) Particle kinematics. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 190.
Hussein, M.T., Hassan, N.M. and Rabea, A. (1994) Hadron fragmentation at high energies. Particle World, 4(1), 4.
Hussein, M.T., Hassan, N.M. and Allam, M.A. (1997) A Multi-cluster model in hadron nucleus interactions at high energies. Turkish Journal of Physics, 21, 241.
Hegab, M.K., Hussein, M.T. and Hassan, N.M. (1990) Nucleus-nucleus collisions at high energies. Zeitschrift für Physik A, 336, 345.
Hussein, M.T. (1996) Monte Carlo simulation for hadron fragmentation at high energies. Invited Talk, First Inter-national Conference on Basic Science and Advanced Technology, Assiut, 9-12 November 1996.
Hussein, M.T., Rabea, A., El-Naghy, A. and Hassan, N.M. (1995) A string model for hadron interactions at high en-ergies. Progress of Theoretical Physics Japan, 93(3), 585.
Hassan, N.M., El-Harby, N. and Hussein, M.T. (2000) A Monte Carlo generator for high energy nucleus-nucleus collision. Acta Physiologica Academiae Scientiarum Hun- garicae, 12, 33-46.
Meggiolaro, E. (1998) High-energy quark-quark scatter-ing and the eikonal approximation. Nuclear Physics B- Proceedings Supplements, 64, 191.
Pereira, F. and Ferreira, E. (1999) Eikonal profile func-tions and amplitudes for pp and p¯p scattering. Physical Review D, 59(1).
Ducati, M.B.G., Goncalves, V.P. (1999) The AGL equa-tion from the dipole picture. Nuclear Physics B, 557(1), 296-306.
Booth, C.N., Ansorge, R.E. and Carter, J. (1983) Differ-ences between p¯p and pp interactions at 8.8 GeV/c and their relationship to p¯p annihilations. Physical Review D, 27, 2018-2040.
Aznauryan, I.G. and Ter-Isaakyan, N.L. (1980) Anoma-lous magnetic-moments of quarks in magnetic dipole transitions of hadrons. Soviet Journal of Nuclear Physics, 31(6), 871-875.
Kass, R.D., Ko, W., Lander, R.L., et al. (1979) Charged- and neutral-particle production from 400-GeV/c pp colli-sions. Physical Review D, 20(3), 605-614.
Hanlon, J., Panvini, R.S., Walters, J.W., Webster, M.S. and Morris, T.W. (1979) Multiplicity distributions in 28-GeV/c pd interactions and double scattering in deute-rium. Physical Review D, 19(1), 49-54.
Akesson, T., Albrow, M.G., Almehed, S., et al. (1982) Multiplicity distributions in p-α and α-α collisions in the CERN ISR. Physics Letters B, 119, 464.