ABSTRACT We found carbon nanotube (CNT) materials by the pyrolysis of the composite film of poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) reinforced with modified fly ash (FA) at 500°C for 10 min under 2 L/min flow of nitrogen. Fly ash was treated with 2M sodium hydroxide and used with PVA to fabricate the composite film by aqua casting. CNT materials were analyzed using XPS, Raman, SEM and TEM. The admixtures of CNT materials and FA are a potential filler material for fabricating composites with polymer and metal. The process is an eco-friendly recycling paradigm for using value-added advanced products for the proper management of sustainable waste materials, plastic and FA.
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