ABSTRACT Mining sector in Indonesia faces many challenges including needed
to support national economy, compliance to central and local government
regulations, local community empowerment and environmental impact management.
Mining companies are mandatory to perform the environmental management efforts
to minimize the negative impact to the environment and pursue sustainability of
post-mining land use and as much as possible to restore land to the initial
conditions. There are many challenges on management multi parameter and multi
temporal spatial data of environmental management. The aim of this research is
to design the GIS database template for environmental management in Indonesia’s
mining operation. This GIS database is designed using ArcCatalog ArcGIS 9.3
software, through following steps: inventory and assessment government
regulations, inventory and assessment environmental quality standards, sorting
and grouping parameters, design feature class and attribute, create GIS
database, create GIS database dictionary. According to research result, GIS
database template has many advantages for environmental management include integrated
into a single database, avoid redundancy data, reduce volume data, uniformity
data, easy to find and track data, integrated spatial and attribute data, can
be used as an input for GIS analysis for decision-making and development strategies.
Cite this paper
S. Maryati, H. Shimada, T. Sasaoka, A. Hamanaka, K. Matsui and H. Nagawa, "GIS Database Template for Environmental Management of Mining in Indonesia," Journal of Geographic Information System, Vol. 4 No. 1, 2012, pp. 62-70. doi: 10.4236/jgis.2012.41009.
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