JGIS  Vol.4 No.1 , January 2012
Using a GIS Tool to Map the Spatial Distribution ofPopulation for 2010 in the State of Mexico, Mexico
ABSTRACT
The present document describes the experience of using a Geography Information System (GIS) tool to map the spatial distribution of the population of the State of Mexico, Mexico, for 2010. Prior to the development of the experience, dif- ferent projects, tools and products, which offered cartographic representations of the population, were presented, se- lecting one that was developed to function in Idrisi Taiga GIS. Likewise, the GIS tool and the process followed to apply it to a case study in the State of Mexico are described. The result is a raster image that shows the distribution of the population on the analyzed state, offering the possibility to identify the zones where the population concentrates and disperses and to produce an opinion from a geographic point of view on what the origin of these distribution patterns is. Among the conclusions from the analysis of results, distinguishable are the applications that the obtained image can have; for instance, the population can be estimated by basins or risk zones by only adding the values of the cells inside these zones. It is also concluded that the degree of detail expressed by the spatial distribution image of the population will depend on several factors, among them the scale and resolution of the input information and the resolution fixed for the output information.

Cite this paper
R. Franco-Plata, L. Manzano-Solís, M. Gómez-Albores, J. Juan-Pérez, N. Pineda-Jaimes and A. Martínez-Carrillo, "Using a GIS Tool to Map the Spatial Distribution ofPopulation for 2010 in the State of Mexico, Mexico," Journal of Geographic Information System, Vol. 4 No. 1, 2012, pp. 1-11. doi: 10.4236/jgis.2012.41001.
References
[1]   National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis (NCGIA), “Population Related Activities,” 2011. http://www.ncgia.ucsb.edu/pubs/gdp/pop.html#START

[2]   Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), “LandScan Sample Data,” 2011. http://www.ornl.gov/sci/landscan/index.shtml

[3]   Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), “Gridded Population of the World, Version 3 (GPWv3),” 2011. http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/gpw/index.jsp

[4]   United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), “Po- pulation Databases,” 2011. http://na.unep.net/datasets/mapservices.php

[5]   Nelson, “African Population Database Documentation,” 2004. http://na.unep.net/siouxfalls/globalpop/africa/Africa_index.html

[6]   L. R. Manzano-Solís and R. Franco-Plata, “Modelo en SIG Para Inferir la Distribución Espacial Continua de la Población a Partir de datos por Localidad,” Proceedings memorias del XI Seminario Internacional La Dimensión Humana en las Ciudades y Metrópolis, Jalisco, 2009, pp 649-663.

[7]   L. R. Manzano-Solís, R. Franco-Plata and N. Sosa, “Pro- puesta Metodológica Para la Generación de imágenes de Superficie Continua con Distribución de la Población en un Territorio Mediante una Aplicación de SIG,” Proceed- ings memorias del Quinto Coloquio Geográfico sobre América Latina, Toluca, 2010.

[8]   Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI), “Arc- GIS 9. Getting Started With ArcGIS,” ESRI, 2007.

[9]   R. Franco, “Concepción e Implementación de un Módulo Hidrogeomático para la Evaluación de Disponibilidad de Recursos híDricos,” Ph. Dissertation, Centro Interameri- cano de Recursos del Agua, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Toluca, 2008.

[10]   L. R. Manzano, “Dise?o de Base de Geodatos Censales Demográficos e Implementación Geomática de Indica- Dores e índices Hídricos,” MS. Dissertation, Centro Inter- americano de Recursos del Agua, Universidad Autó- noma del Estado de México, Toluca, 2007.

[11]   E. Quentin, C. Díaz-Delgado, M. Gómez-Albores, L. Ma- nzano-Solís and R. Franco-Plata. “Desarrollo Geomático para la Gestión Integrada del agua,” Proceedings m- emorias de la XI Conferencia Iberoamericana de Sistemas de Información Geográfica (XI CONFIBSIG), Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2007.

[12]   R. Tomlinson, “Thinking about GIS: Geographic Infor- mation System Planning for Managers,” ESRI Press, New York, 2003.

 
 
Top