Cite this paper
Fahim, M. & Rad, S. (2012). The Relationship between Self-Esteem and Paragraph Writing of Iranian EFL Learners. Psychology, 3,
24-29. doi: 10.4236/psych.2012.31004
 Applebee, A. N. (1984). Writing and reasoning. Review of Educational Research, 54, 577-496.
 Hassan, B. A. (1999). The relationship of writing apprehension and self-esteem to the writing quality and quantity of EFL university students. Mansoura Faculty of Education Journal, 39, 1-36.
 Boughey, C. (1997). Learning to write by writing to learn: A group- work approach. ELT Journal, 51, 126-134. doi:10.1093/elt/51.2.126
 Burns, R. B. (1979). The self-concept: Theory, measurement, development and behavior. London and New York: Longman.
 Celce-Murcia, M., & Mcintosh, L. (1979). Teaching English as a se- cond or foreign language (pp. 302-307). New York: Ewburrry House.
 Chastain, K. (1971). The development of modern language skills: Theory tpractice. Philadelphia, Penn.: Curriculum Development Center.
 Chastain, K. (1988). Developing second language skills: Theory and practice (3rd ed.). Florida: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
 Chimombo, M. (1986). Evaluating compositions with large classes. ELT Journal, 40, 20-26. doi:10.1093/elt/40.1.20
 Croft, K. (1972). Reading on English as a second language. Cambridge, Mass.: Winthrop.
 Coopersmith, S. (1967). The antecedents of self-esteem. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.
 Coopersmith, S. (1981). Self-esteem Inventories. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologist Press.
 Crowhurst, M. (1983). Syntactic complexity and writing quality: A review. Canadian Journal of Education, 8, 1-16.
 Finocchiaro, M. (1967). Secondary school composition: Problems and practices. TESOL Quarterly, 1, 40-46. doi:10.2307/3586198
 Grodnick, J. R. (1996). Self-esteem and writing achievement. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 395 311.
 Hayati, A. M., & Ostadian, M. (2008). The relationship between self- esteem and listening comprehension of EFL students. Published Research, Faculty of Letters and Humanities, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran.
 Heaton, J. B. (1988). Writing English language tests. London: Longman.
 Howgate, L. (1982). Building self-esteem through the writing process. Writing teachers at work. Berkeley, CA: National Writing Project Publications Department.
 James, W. (1890). The principles of psychology. Cambridge, MA: Har- vard University Press.
 Kobal, D., & Musek, J. (2002). Self-concept and academic achievement: Slovina and France. Retrieved January 21, 2003 from
 Memering, D., & O’Hare, F. (1984). The writer’s work: Guide to effective composition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
 Raimes, A. (1983a). Anguish as a Second Language? Remedies for Composition Teachers In En J. Pringle, I. Yalden and Y. A. Freedman (Eds.), Learning to Write: First Language, Second Language (pp. 252-272), New York: Longman.
 Raimes, A. (1983b). Techniques in teaching writing. Teaching English as a second language. New York: Oxford University Press.
 Raimes, A. (1985). What unskilled writers do as they write: a classroom study of composing’. TESOL Quarterly, 19, 229a-258a.
 Silva, T. (1993). Toward an understanding of the distant nature of L2 writing:The ESL research and its implications. TESOL Quarterly, 27, 657-677. doi:10.2307/3587400
 Slager, W. (1972). Classroom techniques for controlling composition. In Croft (Ed.). Reading on English as A Second Language (pp. 232- 234). Mass.: Winthrop Publishers.
 Winter, D. G.(1996). Personality analysis and interpretation of lives. University of Michigan: Plenum.