Improving Bandwidth of Yagi-Uda Arrays

References

[1] S. Uda, “Wireless Beam of Short Electric Waves,” Journal of the Institute of Electrical Engineers (Japan), March 1926, pp. 273-282.

[2] H. Yagi, “Beam Transmission of Ultra Short Waves,” P Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 85, No. 11, 1928, pp. 1864 -1874.

[3] C. A. Balanis, “Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design,” Harper & Row, Publishers, New York, 1982.

[4] The ARRL Antenna Book, 20th Edition, American Radio Relay League, Inc., Newington, 2008.

[5] A. C. Lisboa, D. A. G. Vieira, J. A. Vasconcelos, R. R. Saldanha, and R. H. C. Takahashi, “Monotonically Improving Yagi-Uda Conflicting Specifications Using the Dominating Cone Line Search Method,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 45, No. 3, 2009, pp. 1494-1497.
doi:10.1109/TMAG.2009.2012688

[6] Federal Communications Commission, “Revision of Part 15 of the Commission’s Rules Regarding Ultra-Wideband Transmission Systems,” First Report and Order, FCC 02-48, Washington, DC, 2002.

[7] R. A. Formato, “A Novel Methodology for Antenna Design and Optimization: Variable Z0 (ver. 2),” 2011.
http://arXiv.org/abs/1107.1437

[8] R. A. Formato, “UWB Array Design Using Variable Z0 Technology and Central Force Optimization, ver. 2,” 2011. http://arXiv.org/abs/1108.0901

[9] R. A. Formato, “Central Force Optimization: A New Metaheuristic with Applications in Applied Electromagnetics,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 77, 2007, pp. 425-491. doi:10.2528/PIER07082403

[10] G. M. Qubati, N. I. Dib, and R. A. Formato, “Antenna Benchmark Performance and Array Synthesis using Central Force Optimization,” Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 4, No. 5, 2010, pp. 583-592, 2010.

[11] G. Qubati, “Central Force Optimization Method and Its Application to the Design of Antennas,” Masters Dissertation, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Amman, 2010.

[12] G. M. Qubati, and N. I. Dib, “Microstrip Patch Antenna Optimization Using Modified Central Force Optimization,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 21, 2010, pp. 281-298.

[13] M. J. Asi and N. I. Dib, “Design of Multilayer Microwave Broadband Absorbers Using Central Force Optimization,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 26, 2010, pp. 101-113. doi:10.2528/PIERB10090103

[14] R. A. Formato, “New Techniques for Increasing Antenna Bandwidth with Impedance Loading,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 29, 2011, pp. 269-288.
doi:10.2528/PIERB11021904

[15] R. A. Formato, “Improved CFO Algorithm for Antenna Optimization,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 19, 2010, pp. 405-425. doi:10.2528/PIERB09112309

[16] R. A. Formato, “Parameter-Free Deterministic Global Search with Simplified Central Force Optimization,” In: D.-S. Huang, Z. Zhao, V. Bevilacqua and J, C, Figueroa, Eds., Advanced Intelligent Computing Theories and Applications (ICIC2010), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2010, pp. 309-318.

[17] R. A. Formato, “Central Force Optimization with Variable Initial Probes and Adaptive Decision Space,” Applied Mathematics and Computation, Vol. 217, No. 21, 2011, pp. 8866-8872. doi:10.1016/j.amc.2011.03.151

[18] R. A. Formato, “Central Force Optimization Applied to the PBM Suite of Antenna Benchmarks,” 2010.
http://arXiv.org/abs/1003.0221.

[19] G. J. Burke, “Numerical Electromagnetics Code—NEC-4.2 Method of Moments, Part I: User’s Manual,” LLNL-SM-490875, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, 2011.

[20] G. J. Burke, “Numerical Electromagnetics Code—NEC-4, Method of Moments, Part I: User’s Manual and Part II: Program Description—Theory,” UCRL-MA-109338, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, 1992.

[21] G. J. Burke and A. J. Poggio, “Numerical Electromagnetics Code (NEC)—Method of Moments,” Parts I, II and III, UCID-19934, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, January 1981.

[22] “4nec2” Antenna Modeling Freeware by Arie Voors, http://home.ict.nl/~arivoors/

[23] Unofficial Numerical Electromagnetic Code (NEC) Archives, http://www.si-list.net/swindex.html

[24] Y. Zehforoosh, C. Ghobadi and J. Nourinia, “Antenna Design for Ultra Wideband Application Using a New Multilayer Structure,” PIERS Online, Vol. 2, No. 6, 2006, pp. 544-549. doi:10.2529/PIERS060531145356

[25] R. A. Formato, “Issues in Antenna Optimization—A Monopole Case Study,” 2011.
http://arXiv.org/abs/1103.5629

[26] J. Kennedy, and R. Eberhart, “Particle Swarm Optimization,” Proceeding of IEEE Conference on Neural Networks, Vol. 4, 1995, pp. 1942-1948.

[27] M. Dorigo, V. Maniezzo and A. Colorni, “Positive Feedback as a Search Strategy,” Dipartimento di Elettronica, Politecnico di Milano, Italy, Tech. Rep. 91-016, 1991.
http://iridia.ulb.ac.be/~mdorigo/pub_x_subj.html

[28] S. He, Q. H. Wu, and J. R. Saunders, “Group Search Optimizer: An Optimization Algorithm Inspired by Animal Searching Behavior,” IEEE Trans. Evol. Computation, Vol. 13, No. 5, 2009, pp. 973-990.

[29] R. Storn and K. V. Price, “Differential Evolution: A Simple and Efficient Adaptive Scheme for Global Optimization over Continuous Spaces,” Technical Report TR-95-012, ICSI (Univ. of California, Berkeley), 1995.
http://www.icsi.berkeley.edu/~storn/litera.html

[30] R. Storn and K. V. Price, “Minimizing the Real Functions of the ICEC 1996 Contest by Differential Evolution,” Proc. 1996 IEEE International Conference on Evolutionary Computation, Nagoya, 20-22 May 1996, pp. 842-844.
doi:10.1109/ICEC.1996.542711

[31] A. Chowdhury, A. Ghosh, R. Giri, and S. Das, “Optimization of Antenna Configuration with a Fitness-Adaptive Differential Evolution Algorithm,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 26, 2010, pp. 291-319.
doi:10.2528/PIERB10080703

[32] E. A. Jones and W. T. Joines, “Design of Yagi-Uda Antennas Using Genetic Algorithms,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 45, No. 9, 1997, pp. 1386-1392. doi:10.1109/8.623128