Kreitman, N. (1989) Can Suicide and Parasuicide be prevented? Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 82, 648-652.
 Kessel, N. and McCulloch, W. (1966) Repeated acts of self harm and self injury. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 59, 89-92.
 Morgan, H.D., Burns-Cox, C.J., Pocock, H. and Pottle, S. (1975) Deliberate Self-Harm: Clinical and Socio-Economic Characteristics of 368 Patients. British Journal of Psychiatry, 127, 564-574.
 Gratz, K.L. (2001) Measurement of deliberate elf harm: Preliminary data on the deliberate Self harm Inventory. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 23, 253-263.
 Platt, S., Bille-Brahe, U., Kerkhof, A., et al. (1992) Parasuicide in Europe: The WHO/EURO multicentre study on parasuicide I. Introduction and preliminary analysis for 1989. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 85, 97-104.
 Clarke, L. and Whitaker, M. (1998) Self Mutilation: Culture, contexts and nursing responses. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 7, 129-137.
 Nock, M.K. and Prinstein, M.J. (2005) Contextual features and behavioural functions of self mutilation among adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 114(1), 140-146.
 Baral, I., Kora, K., Yuksel, S. and Sezgin, U. (1998) Self mutilating behaviour of sexually abused female adults in Turkey. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 13, 427-437.
 Brodsky, B.S., Cloitre, M., and Dulit, R.A. (1995) Relationship of dissociation to self mutilation and childhood abuse in borderline personality disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 152, 1788-1792.
 Wikipedia, Self Injury. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self- injury
 Briere, J. and Gil, E. (1998) Self Mutilation in a clinical and general population samples: Prevalence, correlates and functions. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 68, 609-620.
 Favazza, A.R. and Conterio, K. (1989) Female habitual self mutilators. Acta Psychiatrica Scand, 79, 283-289.
 Muehlenkamp, J.J. (2005) Self Injurious behaviour as a separate clinical syndrome. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 75, 324-333.
 Favazza, A.R. (1996) Bodies under Siege: Self Mutilation and Body modification in culture and psychiatry (2nd Edition). John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
 Whitlock, J., Eckenrode, J. and Silverman, D. (2006) Self Injurious behaviours in a college population. Pediatrics, 117, 1939-1948.
 Favazza, A.R. (1992) Repetitive self mutilation. Psychiatric Annals, 22, 60-63.
 Gratz, K.L. (2006) Risk factors for deliberate self harm among female college-students: The role and interaction of childhood maltreatment, emotional inexpressivity, and affect intensity/reactivity. American Journal of Ortho- psychiatry, 76, 238-250.
 World Health Organization, Euro multicentre study of suicide. http://cebmh.warne.ox.ac.uk/csr/monitoring.html
 Hawton, K., Rodham, K., Evans, E., and Weatherall, R. (2002) Deliberate self harm in adolescents: Self report survey in schools in England. British Medical Journal, 325, 1207-1211.
 Castillo, K. (2007) Mental health crisis looms, expert says: Girls cutting themselves. The Trinidad Express. http://www.trinidadexpress.com
 Mohammed, R. (2008) Deliberate self-harm in a non- clinical population: Emotion and coping strategies. MSc. Thesis, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine.
 Allum, S. (2008) Risk factors associated with deliberate self-harm. MSc. Thesis, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine.
 Favazza A. R. (1998) The coming of age of self mutilation. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 186, 259-268.
 Suyemoto, K.L. (1998) The functions of self mutilation. Clinical Psychology Review, 18, 531-554.
 Suyemoto, K.L., and Macdonald, M.L. (1995) Self cutting in female adolescents. Psychotherapy, 32, 162-171.
 Messer, J.M. and Fremouw, W.J. (2008) A critical review of explanatory models for self-mutilating behaviors in adolescents. Clinical Psychology Review, 28(1), 162-78.
 Young people and self harm: A national Inquiry. What do we already know? Prevalence, risk factors and models of intervention. http://selfharmuk.org
 Harrington, R. and Dyer, E. (1993) Suicide and attempted suicide in adolescence. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 6, 467-469.
 Hawton, K. (1986) Suicide and attempted suicide among children and adolescents. Sage, London.
 Wikipedia, Bloodletting. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood letting
 Linehan, M.M. (1995) Understanding borderline personality disorder: The dialectic approach manual. Guilford Press, New York.
 Cornell Research Program on Self Injurious Behaviour in Adolescents and Young Adults. What do we know about self-injury? http://www.crpsib.com/whatissi.asp