WJCS  Vol.1 No.2 , December 2011
How to Identify Latent Systolic Dysfunction and Post Operative Risk in Patients with Mitral Incompetence and Normal Ejection Fraction?
ABSTRACT
Purpose: To study the significance of impaired positive peak rate of left ventricular (LV) pressure development (MR + dp/dt) and global systolic strain (GLPSS) values in patients presented with significant mitral incompetence (MR) in coronary artery disease (CAD) and early dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with normal ejection fraction (EF). Methods: A description of LV contractile behavior requires measurement of the ability of the ventricle to develop force (pressure) and to shorten. Hence, performance of the ventricle as a pump assessed in the present study by measuring the pressure developed by the ventricle (Left ventricular +dP/dt is estimated from MR jet as the rate of pressure rise from 1 to 3 m/sec) and shortening assessed by GLPSS (this Doppler technology allowed measurement of LV systolic strain for the entire length of LV myocardium). GLPSS and MR + dp/dt were calculated in 30 consecutive patients (mean age was 55 ± 12 years) characterized by echocardiographic evidence of moderate or severe MR (in CAD and DCM patients) and normal EF (mean LV Ejection Fraction of 50.9% ± 5.9%) and compared with those obtained in 35 consecutive controls (age 54.7 ± 11.4 years) with normal echocardiographic study of the heart. Results: The mean values of MR +dp/dt and GLPSS averaged from the 3 apical views, differed significantly in DCM and CAD patients (characterized by significant MR with normal EF) compared with control group, (MR + dp/dt = 733 ± 170 mmhg/s and GLPSS –13% ± 1.3%) versus (1420 ± 210 mmhg/s and -19.5% ± 3.3%) for patients versus control, respectively, p < 0.001. A depressed values of MR + dp/dt were highly correlated with GLPSS values in patients with CAD and DCM, r = 0.78. The combined use of 2D Strain (<-13%) and MR dp/dt (<900 mmhg/s) in the presence of MR (grade II or more) had 89% sensitivity and 92% specificity for detection of patients at risk of post-operative major cardiac events after MR and coronary artery bypass surgery. Conclusions: Latent LV systolic dysfunction could be defined noninvasively by depressed peak MR + dp/dt and GLPSS in the echocardiography laboratories.

Cite this paper
nullG. Elkilany, M. Groef and I. Kabbash, "How to Identify Latent Systolic Dysfunction and Post Operative Risk in Patients with Mitral Incompetence and Normal Ejection Fraction?," World Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery, Vol. 1 No. 2, 2011, pp. 11-17. doi: 10.4236/wjcs.2011.12003.
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