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 OJO  Vol.1 No.2 , December 2011
Pulsed Lavage in Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty Reduces the Incidence ofBrooker Grade 3 and 4 Heterotopic Ossifications
Abstract: Heterotopic ossification (HO) may cause pain, and can lead to loss of hip motion after total hip arthroplasty (THA). There is evidence that pulsed lavage may lower the incidence of HO formation. We assessed the effect of pulsed lavage on the incidence of HO in 87 male patients after THA. All patients received an uncemented THA through a posterolateral approach. 39 patients were treated with pulsed lavage (index group) and 48 males were treated without pulsed lavage (historical control group, matched on aetiology, gender, surgical approach and type of prosthesis). Both groups followed the same postoperative treatment regimen. HO severity was scored in both groups according to the Brooker classification by three blinded orthopaedic surgeons one year postoperatively. Good inter-observer agreement (Kappa 0.7) for scoring HO was found. The incidence of HO (51%) in the index group did not differ significantly (p = 0.53) from the control group (58%). However, the incidence of clinically relevant HO (Brooker grades 3 and 4) was significantly lower (p = 0.04) in the index group (3%) as compared to the control group (17%). These results suggest a beneficial effect of pulsed lavage on the incidence of severe heterotopic ossification after cementless THA in male patients.
Cite this paper: nullJ. Mellema, W. Zijlstra, T. Raaij, B. Have and J. Raay, "Pulsed Lavage in Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty Reduces the Incidence ofBrooker Grade 3 and 4 Heterotopic Ossifications," Open Journal of Orthopedics, Vol. 1 No. 2, 2011, pp. 9-13. doi: 10.4236/ojo.2011.12003.
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