JWARP  Vol.2 No.3 , March 2010
Trivalent Mn and Fe Complexes for the Degradation of Remazol Dyes
ABSTRACT
Water contamination by Remazol® dyes can be remediated with the use of bleaching metal complexes. In this study, a series of Mn(III) complexes and ferric nitrilotriacetate were found to be useful in the degrada-tion of Remazol Blue, Remazol Turquoise and Remazol Brilliant Blue. The effect of peroxide, pH, time and irradiation on the bleaching of the dyes was studied. Mn(III)-salen complexes were effective in the degrada-tion of the diazo Remazol Blue dye in the presence of a 2-fold excess of hydrogen peroxide. This dye was also effectively bleached by a combination of hydrogen peroxide, ferric nitrilotriacetate and light irradiation. This is the first time well-defined, low molecular weight trivalent metal complexes are applied to the degra-dation of Remazol® dyes.

Cite this paper
nullS. Bastos de Lemos e Silva, A. Arndt and B. Pannia Espósito, "Trivalent Mn and Fe Complexes for the Degradation of Remazol Dyes," Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2010, pp. 209-213. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2010.23023.
References
[1]   C. I. Pearce, J. R. Lloyd, and J. T. Guthrie, “The removal of colour from textile wastewater using whole bacterial cells: A review,” Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 58, No. 3, pp. 179–196, 2003.

[2]   Z. Aksu, “Application of biosorption for the removal of organic pollutants: A review,” Process Biochemistry, Vol. 40, No. 3–4, pp. 997–1026, 2005.

[3]   P. Bautista, A. F. Mohedano, J. A. Casas, J. A. Zazo, and J. J. Rodriguez, “An overview of the application of Fen-ton oxidation to industrial wastewaters treatment,” Jour-nal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Vol. 83, No. 10, pp. 1323–1338, 2008.

[4]   B. Halliwell and J. Gutteridge, “Free radicals in biology and medicine,” Oxford University Press, 2007.

[5]   M. Shakeri and M. Shoda, “Change in turnover capacity of crude recombinant dye-decolorizing peroxidase (rDyP) in batch and fed-batch decolorization of Remazol Bril-liant Blue R,” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol. 76, No. 4, pp. 919–926, 2007.

[6]   M. Shakeri, Y. Sugano, and M. Shoda, “Stable re-peated-batch production of recombinant dye-decolorizing peroxidase (rDyP) from Aspergillus oryzae,” Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, Vol. 105, No. 6, pp. 683–686, 2008.

[7]   P. P. Champagne and J. A. Ramsay, “Contribution of manganese peroxidase and laccase to dye decoloration by Trametes versicolor,” Applied Microbiology and Bio-technology, Vol. 69, No. 3, pp. 276–285, 2005.

[8]   K. Svobodova, A. Majcherczyk, C. Novotny, and U. Kues, “Implication of mycelium-associated laccase from Irpex lacteus in the decolorization of synthetic dyes,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 99, No. 3, pp. 463–471, 2008.

[9]   K. Pachhade, S. Sandhya, and K. Swaminathan, “Ozona-tion of reactive dye, procion red MX-5B catalyzed by metal ions,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 167, No. 1–3, pp. 313–318, 2009.

[10]   E. Ember, S. Rothbart, R. Puchta R, and R. van Eldik, “Metal ion-catalyzed oxidative degradation of orange II by H2O2 high catalytic activity of simple manganese salts,” New Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 34– 49, 2009.

[11]   G. B. Shul’pin, Y. N. Kozlov, S. N. Kholuiskaya, and M. I. Plieva, “Oxidations by the system ‘hydrogen perox-ide–[Mn2L2O3](2+) (L=1,4,7-trimethyl-1,4,7-triazacyclo- nonane)-oxalic acid’ Part 11. Degradation of dye Rhoda-mine 6G and oxygenation of cyclohexene,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis A-Chemical, Vol. 299, No. 1–2, pp. 77–87, 2009.

[12]   A. N. Chowdhury, M. S. Azam, M. Aktaruzzaman, and A. Rahim, “Oxidative and antibacterial activity of Mn3O4,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 172, No. 2–3, pp. 1229–1235, 2009.

[13]   S. R. Doctrow, K. Huffman, C. B. Marcus, G. Tocco, E. Malfroy, C. A. Adinolfi, H. Kruk, K. Baker, N. Laza- rowych, J. Mascarenhas, and B. Malfroyt, “Salen-man-ganese complexes as catalytic scavengers of hydrogen peroxide and cytoprotective agents: Structure-activity re-lationship studies,” Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, Vol. 45, No. 20, pp. 4549–4558, 2002.

[14]   K. M. Faulkner, R. D. Stevens, and I. Fridovich, “Char-acterization of Mn(III) complexes of linear and cyclic desferrioxamines as mimics of superoxide-dismutase ac-tivity,” Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Vol. 310, No. 2, pp. 341–346, 1994.

[15]   T. Katsuki, “Catalytic asymmetric oxidations using opti-cally-active (salen)manganese(III) complexes as cata-lysts,” Coordination Chemistry Reviews, Vol. 140, pp. 189–214, 1995.

[16]   J. S. Crossgrove, D. D. Allen, B. L. Bukaveckas, S. S. Rhineheimer, and R. A. Yokel, “Manganese distribution across the blood-brain barrier: I. Evidence for carrier-mediated influx of manganese citrate as well as manganese and manganese transferring,” Neurotoxicology, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 3–13, 2003.

[17]   S. do Amaral and B. P. Esposito, “Fluorimetric study of the pro-oxidant activity of EUK8 in the presence of hy-drogen peroxide,” Biometals, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 425–432, 2008.

[18]   J. J. Dannacher, “Catalytic bleach: Most valuable appli-cations for smart oxidation chemistry,” Journal of Mo-lecular Catalysis A-Chemical, Vol. 251, No. 1–2, pp. 159–176, 2006.

[19]   T. Wieprecht, M. Hazenkamp, H. Rohwer, G. Schlingloff, and J. T. Xia, “Design and application of transition metal catalysts for laundry bleach,” Comptes Rendus Chimie, Vol. 10, No. 4–5, pp. 326–340, 2007.

[20]   P. Zucca, C. Vinci, F. Sollai, A. Rescigno, and E. Sanjust, “Degradation of alizarin red S under mild experimental conditions by immobilized 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-sul-fonatophenyl)porphine-Mn(III) as a biomimetic peroxi-dase-like catalyst,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis A- Chemical, Vol. 288, No. 1–2, pp. 97–102, 2008.

[21]   J. K. Klewicki and J. J. Morgan, “Kinetic behavior of Mn(III) complexes of pyrophosphate, EDTA, and cit-rate,” Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 32, No. 19, pp. 2916–2922, 1998.

[22]   K. Tsuchiya, K. Akai, A. Tokumura, S. Abe, T. Tamaki, Y. Takiguchi, and K. Fukuzawa, “Oxygen radicals photo- induced by ferric nitrilotriacetate complex,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-General Subjects, Vol. 1725, No. 1, pp. 111–119, 2005.

[23]   A. Chellamani, P. Kulanthaipandi, and S. Rajagopal, “Oxidation of aryl methyl sulfoxides by oxo (salen) manganese(V) complexes and the reactivity-selectivity principle,” Journal of Organic Chemistry, Vol. 64, No. 7, pp. 2232–2239, 1999.

[24]   G. Tantaru, V. Dorneanu, and M. Stan “Schiff bis bases: Analytical reagents: II. Spectrophotometric determination of manganese from pharmaceutical forms,” Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, Vol. 27, No. 5, pp. 827–832, 2002.

 
 
Top