Cite this paper
nullW. Solvang and M. Hakam, "Sustainable Logistics Networks in Sparsely Populated Areas," Journal of Service Science and Management
, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2010, pp. 72-77. doi: 10.4236/jssm.2010.31008
 S. Chopra and P. Meindl, “Supply chain management - strategy, planning, and operation,” Pearson Educational International, 2004.
 E. Alfnes, “Enterprise reengineering – a strategic frame- work and methodology,” Department of Production and Quality Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 2005.
 F. Du and W. Evans, “A bi-objective reverse logistics network analysis for post-sale service,” Computers and Operations Research, pp. 2617–2634, 2008.
 W. D. Solvang, “Architecture for supply chain analysis and methodology for quantitative measurement of supply chain flexibility,” Department of Production and Quality Engineering. Trondheim, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 2001.
 W. D. Solvang, Z. Deng, and B. Solvang, “A closed-loop supply chain model for managing overall optimization of eco-efficiency,” IN POM (Ed.) POMS 18th Annual Conference. Dallas Texas, USA, 2007.
 C. C. Harris and R. Startup, “Researching a traditional territorial organization: Analogy, and the sociological imagination,” International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol. 18, 1998.
 European Economic Area Standing Committee of the EFTA States, EEA EFTA Comment on the EU Freight Transport Agenda, 27 February 2008.
 E. Sandow, “Commuting behaviour in sparsely populated areas: Evidence from northern Sweden,” Journal of Transport Geography, No. 16, pp. 14–27, 2008.
 S. F. Nilsson, C. Reidhav, K. Lygnerud, and S. Werner, “Sparse district-heating in Sweden,” Applied Energy, No. 85, pp. 555–564, 2008.
 T. Muilu and J. Rusanen, “Rural young people in regional development - the case of Finland in 1970–2000,” Journal of Rural Studies, No. 19, pp. 295–307, 2003.
 J. Q. F. Neto, J. M. Bloemhof-Ruwaard, J. A. E. E. van Nunen, and E. van Heck. “Designing and evaluating sustainable logistics networks,” International Journal of Production Economics, No. 111, pp. 195–208, 2008.
 G. T. Tsoulfas and C. P. Pappis, “Environmental prin- ciples applicable to supply chains design and operation,” Journal of Cleaner Production, No. 14, pp. 1593–1602, 2006.
 M. E. Porter, “Competitive strategy – techniques for analyzing industries and competitors,” The Free Press, 1980.
 S. K. Scrivastava, “Network design for reverse logistics,” The International Journal of Management Science, pp. 535–548, 2008.
 J. Sandal and O. Godal, “Norwegian input to the EU green paper on territorial cohesion,” In Royal Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development, N. (Ed.), 2008.
 List_of_countries_by_population_density available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki [Last checked: November 2009].
 Cargonet webpage available at: http:// cargonet.no /Wide Page.aspx?id=3729&lang=NO [Last checked: November 2009].
 Norwegian statistical data available at Statistics Norway: www.ssb.no [Last checked: November 2009].
 Elretur webpage available at: http://www.elretur.no/nor/ Elretur/Retursystemet/Transportoerer, Last checked: No- vember 2009.