ABSTRACT This work is devoted to the synthesis and stabilization of nanosized Ag/SiO2 and Au/SiO2 disperse materials and investigation their morphology, optical and antimicrobial properties. First, Ag and Au nanoparticles (NPs) were produced in colloids via chemical (Ag) or photochemical (Au) reduction of appropriate ions. To prevent the oxidation of Ag NPs in colloid solution, external binary stabilizing agents PVP and SDS were used. Then, Ag and Au NPs (0.01-0.05% wt) were adsorbed from their colloid solutions on high disperse silica surface (Ssp=260m2/g) and samples prepared were dried. Materials obtained were studied by UV-vis, XRD, and TEM methods. Ag and Au NPs adsorbed on silica demonstrated a fair crystallinity in XRD. The surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band positions inherent to Ag and Au NPs on silica surface as well as the intensities of optical spectra were stable during 7 month and more. Obtained Ag NPs in colloids and Ag/SiO2 composites demonstrated excellent antimicrobial activity against a series of the microorganisms (Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aurous, and Candida albicans). Au/SiO2 samples did not reveal any bactericide properties relative to the test microorganisms grown. The mechanisms of Ag(Au) NPs interaction with silica surface were analyzed.
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