Back
 JWARP  Vol.14 No.7 , July 2022
Evaluation of the Microbiological Quality of Drinking Water and Health Risks in the Commune of Sô-Ava, in Southern Benin (Evaluation De La Qualité Microbiologique Des Eaux De Boisson Et Risques Sanitaires Dans La Commune De Sô-Ava, Au Sud-Bénin)
Abstract: Access to drinking water in rural and semi-rural areas is a major concern for the populations because of the quality of the resources. This research work aims to analyze the bacteriological quality of the water consumed by households in the Commune of Sô-Ava in order to establish a relationship between this quality and the health problems observed within the communities. To succeed in this study, documentary research, surveys and observations in the field and analyzes of eighty-two (82) water samples were analyzed in the laboratory during two (2) seasons (rainy and dry). From the results obtained, it appears that the samples present concentrations of total germs, faecal coliforms, Escherichia coli, faecal enterococci, sulphite-reducing anaerobic bacteria (ASR), salmonella and Shiguela which do not comply with the water potability standards in respectively 78.05%, 60.98%, 50%, 64.63%, 80.49% and 70.73% of the samples taken. The statistics on the diseases recorded during this decade in the Commune showed that the populations of Sô-Ava are confronted with several ailments such as: malaria (75%), Acute Respiratory Infections IRA, (16%) and Gastrointestinal disorders (5%) especially during floods and during the rainy season. Education and sensitization of the population on good public hygiene practices around water must be highlighted in order to avoid waterborne diseases.
Cite this paper: Dan, O. , Ahouansou, D. and Sintondji, L. (2022) Evaluation of the Microbiological Quality of Drinking Water and Health Risks in the Commune of Sô-Ava, in Southern Benin (Evaluation De La Qualité Microbiologique Des Eaux De Boisson Et Risques Sanitaires Dans La Commune De Sô-Ava, Au Sud-Bénin). Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 14, 501-514. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2022.147026.
References

[1]   Disa-Disa, P., Ludemi, L., Nduku, F., Ekoko, G., Koy Kasongo, R. and Mulaji, C. (2020) Evaluation of the Physicochemical and Microbiological Quality of Spring Water in the City of Kikwit in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Environmental and Water Sciences, Public Health and Territorial Intelligence Journal, 4, 451-459.

[2]   Babadjidé, C.H. (2011) Pollution, Its Consequences, Its Causes and Its Impact on Human Health in the Mono River Basin in Benin. Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Godomey.

[3]   Dégbey, C., Makoutode, M., Ouendo, E.M., Fayomi, B. and De Brouwer, C. (2008) The Quality of Well Water in the Municipality of Abomey-Calavi in Benin. Environnement, Risques & Santé, 7, 279-283.

[4]   Sainou, J.E., Behanzin, P., Mariano, S. and Johnson, F.I. (2019) Study of the Physicochemical and Bacteriological Quality of Drinking Water in the Municipality of Toffo in Benin: Case of the District of Sèhouè. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Studies, 2, 126-138.

[5]   Yapo, O., Mambo, V., Seka, A., et al. (2010) Evaluation of the Quality of Well Water for Domestic Use in Disadvantaged Neighborhoods in Four Municipalities of Abidjan (Ivory Coast): Koumassi, Marcory, Port-Bouet and Treichville. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 4, 289-307.
https://doi.org/10.4314/ijbcs.v4i2.58111

[6]   Dan, O.F., Aho, E., Ahouansou, M.M., et al. (2018) Study of the Physico-Chemical and Bacteriological Characteristics of Drinking Water in So-Ava, South Benin. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 10, 1031-1046.
https://doi.org/10.4236/jwarp.2018.1011060

[7]   Municipality of So-Ava (2013) Communal Hygiene and Sanitation Plan (PHAC).

[8]   Municipality of So-Ava (2014) Communal Water Programming 2015-2017.

[9]   Babadjidé, C.H., Vissin, E.W., Ouassa Kouaro, M. and Adékambi, A.C.K. (2008) Quality of Water Consumed by the Population and Waterborne Diseases in the Municipality of Kétou (Benin). XXVIth Colloque de l’Association Internationale de Climatologie, Benin, 81-86.

[10]   Sintondji, L.O., Vissin, E., Dan, O.F., Dossou-Yovo, E.R. and Amouzouvi, D. (2017) Socio-Demographic Characteristics of Households as Determinants of Access to Water, Hygiene and Sanitation in So-Ava, Benin. Journal of Environmental Science and Public Health, 1, 253-267.
https://doi.org/10.26502/jesph.96120023

[11]   Institut National de la Statistique Appliquée (INSAE) (2002) Second General Census of Population and Housing (Synthesis of the Results of Analysis).

[12]   Institut National de la Statistique Appliquée (INSAE) (2013) Number of People in Villages and City Districts in Benin. Fourth General Population and Housing Census (RGPH, 4).
http://www.insae-bj.org/recensement-population.html

[13]   Municipality of So-Ava (2006) Communal Monograph of So-Ava.

[14]   Rodier, J., Legube, B. and Merlet, N. (2009) Water Analysis. Dunod, Paris.

[15]   Kihal, M., Boutiba, Z., Henri, D.E. and Al-Aboudi, A.K. (2002) Microbiological Quality of Drinking Water at Arid Zones in Adar South Algeria. Journal Algérien des Régions Arides, 26-30.

[16]   Coumare, K., et al. (2017) The Bacteriological Quality of Drinking Water (Boreholes and Wells) in Three Circles of the Koulikoro Region, Mali. Revue Malienne d’Infectiologie et de Microbiologie, 11, 25-32.
https://revues.ml/index.php/remim/article/view/983

[17]   Servais, P., Billen, G., Garcia-Armisen, T., Goncalvez, A. and Thibert, S. (2009) Microbial Contamination in the Seine Basin. Seine-Normandy Water Agency, France.

[18]   Bengarnia, B., Henni, J.E., Al Aboudi, A.K. and Kahil, M. (2008) Evaluation of the Sanitary Quality of Raw Drinking Water: Case of the City of Béni-Abbès in Southwestern Algeria. Bulletin of the A.G.A.T N13. 67. LMA, University of Oran, Algeria.

[19]   Sylla, K.S., Musabyemariya, B. and Sevdi, M. (2008) Comparative Study of the Bacteriological Quality of Water Used in the Fishing Industries in Senegal According to the Treatment Applied. Fisheries and Aquaculture Report, FAO, Sénégal.

[20]   Traoré, E.H.B. (1996) Study of the Microbiological Quality of Water and Ice in the Fish Product Industries in Dakar. Médécine Vétérinaire, Dakar.

[21]   Adjahouinou, D.C., Yehouenou, B., Liady, M.N.D. and Fiogbe, E.D. (2014) Bacteriological Characterization of Raw Wastewater from the City of Cotonou (Benin). Journal of Applied Biosciences, 78, 6705-6713.
https://doi.org/10.4314/jab.v78i1.13

[22]   Bengarnia, B. (2016) Contribution to the Study and Evaluation of the Physico-Chemical and Bacteriological Quality of Drinking Water in the Region of Oued Es-Saoura Case of Béni-Abbès, Ougarta and Zeghmra. Université d’Oran 1, Es Senia.

[23]   El Ouali, L., Zanibou, A., Bekhti, K., Zerroug, F. and Merzouki, M. (2014) Microbiological Control Wastewater Domestic and Industrial City of Fes Morocco. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science, 5, 2325-2332.

 
 
Top