ABSTRACT Aim: Repeated microinjections of non-opioid an-algesics into the midbrain periaqueductal gray matter and rostral ventro-medial medulla induce antinociception with development of tolerance. Antinociception following systemic administra-tion of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (N SAIDs) also exhibit tolerance. Presently our aim was to investigate the development of tolerance to the antinociceptive effects of NSAIDs analgine, ketorolac, and xefocam microinjected into cen-tral nucleus of amygdala (Ce) in rats. Methods: Under anesthesia with thiopental a stainless steel guide cannula was stereotaxically implanted uni- laterally or bilaterally into the Ce using stereo-taxic atlas coordinates, and anchored to the cra- nium by dental cement. Five days after surgery, 3 µl of these NSAIDs were injected via the injec-tion cannula while the rat was gently restrained. Twenty min post microinjection, i.e. 10-min be-fore the peak of the drugs’ effect is normally rea- ched, animals were tested with tail flick (TF) and hot plate (HP) tests. On the 5th experimental day all animals received a Ce microinjection of mor-phine. Results: Daily microinjection of NSAIDs into the Ce uni- or bilaterally, produced antino-ciception with development of complete toler-ance over a 5-day period. Following the treat-ment period, morphine microinjection into the Ce failed to elicit antinociception, indicating cro- ss-tolerance to the antinociceptive effect of N SAIDs. In other words, the “non-opioid tolerant” rats showed cross-tolerance to morphine. Con-clusions: Our data confirmed the suggestion that NSAIDs interact with endogenous opioid systems, which likely play a key role in the development of tolerance to the antinociceptive effects of NSA IDs.
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nullG. Tsagareli, M. , Tsiklauri, N. , Gurtskaia, G. , Nozadze, I. and Abzianidze, E. (2010) The central nucleus of amygdala is involved in tolerance to the antinociceptive effect of NSAIDs. Health, 2, 62-66. doi: 10.4236/health.2010.21010.
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