Back
 JTST  Vol.8 No.1 , February 2022
Comparative Analysis of Technical Parameters of Different Knitted Structures (Jersey, Pique and Lacoste) with or without Lycra/Spandex
Abstract: The relationship of Count, GSM (Gram per Square meter), and Stitch Length, Shrinkage%, spirality% and pilling are discussed by this paper among Pique, Lacoste and Jersey knit structures with or without Lycra “3% - 5%”. For this research, we used different knitted structures, yarn count and stitch length and for finding data different types of m/c are used which are discussed later. This study is based on finish GSM of Pique, Lacoste and Jersey Knit Fabrics where various kinds of yarn count, GSM and Stitch length are used to justify the experiment. The relation of count and Stitch length with GSM is inversely proportional. When count and Stitch length increases, GSM decreases which is proved through this paper by using both the expected and experimental data. For writing this paper we have distinguished both the theoretical as well as practical implications from the industry and tried to find out adjustable points of fabrics Count, GSM and Stitch Length along with Shrinkage%, Fabric width, Spirality. This paper provides a reliable result which will help selection of count, GSM and Stitch length for making of Pique, Lacoste and Jersey knit fabrics with or without Lycra maintaining the Shrinkage%, spirality%, pilling grade in an acceptable limit. This paper logically shows that GSM, shrinkage and spirality vary when structure, yarn count, and stitch length vary.
Cite this paper: Ovi, F. , Shova, R. , (2022) Comparative Analysis of Technical Parameters of Different Knitted Structures (Jersey, Pique and Lacoste) with or without Lycra/Spandex. Journal of Textile Science and Technology, 8, 68-87. doi: 10.4236/jtst.2022.81007.
References

[1]   Belal, S.A. (2009) Understanding Textiles for a Merchandiser. 2nd Edition, LB Graphics & Printing, Bangladesh, 322, 383-394, 417-418.

[2]   Burrow, S.W. and Nobile, D.P. (1993) Low Contamination Swab Employing Tubular Knit Fabrics. US5214821A.

[3]   Spencer, D.J. (n.d.) Knitting Technology, A Comprehensive Handbook and Practical Guide. 3rd Edition, 105 p.

[4]   Ramakrishna, S. (1997) Characterization and Modeling of the Tensile Properties of Plain Weft-Knit Fabrics-Reinforced Composites. Composites Science and Technology, 57, 1-22.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0266-3538(96)00098-X

[5]   Rameshkumar, C., et al. (2008) Comparative Studies on Ring Rotor and Vortex Yarn Knitted Fabrics. Autex Research Journal, 8, 100-105.

[6]   Rahman, H., Roy, P.K., Mian, L. and Saha, J. (2014) Effect of Lycra (Spandex) Percentage on Properties of Weft Knitted Single Jersey Fabric. Journal of Science and Technology, 4, 31-37.

[7]   https://www.google.com/search?q=properties+of+jersey&oq=properties+of+jersey&aqs=chrome.0i512j69i57
j0i22i30l8.17200j1j15&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8


[8]   Pique Knit Fabric.
http://bosforustextile.com/pique_knit_fabric.html

[9]   What Is Piqué Knit Fabric?
https://silverbobbin.com/what-is-pique-knit-fabric/

[10]  
http://www.catwalkyourself.com/fashion-dictionary/elastan-espandex/

[11]   Ray, S.C. (2012) Fundamentals and Advances in Knitting Technology. Woodhead Publishing India, Delhi, 199-212.
https://doi.org/10.1533/9780857095558.199

[12]   Senthilkumar, M., Anbumani, N. and de Araujo Universidade, M.D. (2011, August) Elastic Properties of Spandex Plated Cotton Knitted Fabrics. Journal of the Institution of Engineers (India), 92, 9-13.

[13]   Voice, J., Dafniotis, P. and Towlson, S. (n.d.) Chapter 10: Elastic Textiles. In: Textiles in Sports, Wood Head Pulications, England, 205 p.

 
 
Top