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 AS  Vol.12 No.11 , November 2021
Mycotoxin’s Infections and Prevention Methods: State of the Art
Abstract: Fungi that attack field crops and contaminate agricultural commodities produce mycotoxins when conditions are favorable. These are specialized metabolites made of poisonous chemical compounds created by bacteria, fungi, or plants that aren’t involved in the organism’s usual growth, development, or reproduction. They have an adversarial hold on humans, wildlife, and the agricultural sector, resulting in mysterious ailments and economic disruptions. Mycotoxins-tainted food and fodder can be found all over the world, posing a global concern. Consumption of contaminated food and fodder is a typical cause of epidemic outbreaks. Other mycotoxins have been associated with esophageal cancer and neural tube defects (NTDs); the immunotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) causes diarrhea when combined with trichothecenes, and ochratoxin A (OTA) has been linked to kidney failure. The direct market costs associated with missed trade or lower revenues owing to tainted food or feed could be viewed as the economic repercussions of mycotoxins on human society. This review describes frequent groups of mycotoxins in detail, their impact on global health, their impact on the socio-economy; the methods of detection and prevention of these mycotoxins.
Cite this paper: Viviane, I. , Masabo, E. , Joseph, H. , Rene, M. and Bizuru, E. (2021) Mycotoxin’s Infections and Prevention Methods: State of the Art. Agricultural Sciences, 12, 1269-1285. doi: 10.4236/as.2021.1211081.
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