AS  Vol.12 No.7 , July 2021
Influence of Farmer Capacity Building in Institutional Linkages on Performance of Smallholder Irrigation Projects in Migori County, Kenya
Abstract: The smallholder irrigation sector in Kenya is considered inadequately developed. The study views unawareness of critical success factors in the smallholder irrigation sector as contributing to poor performance of smallholder irrigation projects. Consequently, the study investigated influence of farmer capacity building in institutional linkages on performance of smallholder irrigation projects in Migori County, Kenya. The study embraced a pragmatic view of philosophy, and used cross sectional and correlation research design. The target population was 2815, and comprised farmers drawn from fifteen smallholder irrigation projects that receive water from River Kuja through Lower Kuja Project. The sample size was 341. The study used systematic random sampling procedure to draw the sample, and collected data using questionnaire. Data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The study established that farmer capacity building in institutional linkages has a significant influence on performance of smallholder irrigation projects (r = 0.803, R2 = 0.645, F (5, 331) = 120.254 and p < 0.000 < 0.05). Thus, the study recommends that Migori County Government come up with policies that link smallholder irrigation projects in Lower Kuja Project to institutions that provide land ploughing services, certified seeds and fertilisers, control of crop pests and diseases, transportation of farm produce and marketing of farm produce.
Cite this paper: Othieno, A. , Aseey, A. and Rugendo, C. (2021) Influence of Farmer Capacity Building in Institutional Linkages on Performance of Smallholder Irrigation Projects in Migori County, Kenya. Agricultural Sciences, 12, 726-737. doi: 10.4236/as.2021.127047.

[1]   Van Vuren, G.H., Papin, C. and El-Haouari, N. (2005) Participatory Irrigation Management: Comparing Theory with Practice. A Case Study of the Beni Amir Irrigation Scheme in Morocco. In: Hammani, A., Kuper, M. and Debbarh, A., Eds., La modernisation de L’Agriculture irriguée, Tome 2, Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II, Rabat, Morroco, 174-183.

[2]   Bjornlund, H., Rooyen, A. and Stirzaker, R. (2017) Profitability and Productivity Barriers and Opportunities in Small-Scale Irrigation Schemes. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 33, 690-704.

[3]   Kahuro, G.W. (2012) Factors Influencing Farmers’ Participation in Operation and Maintenance of Smallholder Irrigation Projects in Gichugu Division, Kirinyaga East District, Kenya. Master’s Thesis. University of Nairobi, Nairobi.

[4]   Svubure, O., Ahlers, R. and van der Zaag, P. (2007) Local Level Participation in Smallholder Formal and Informal Irrigation and the Water Sector Reforms in Zimbabwe: Chinhoyi, Zimbabwe. Chinhoyi University of Technology e-Needs: Proceedings of the International Conference, Valenzano, 14-17 February 2007, 2843-2855.

[5]   Alias, Z., Zawawi, E.M.A., Yusof, K. and Aris, N.M. (2014) Determining Critical Success Factors of Project Management Practice: A Conceptual Framework. Procedia—Social and Behavioral Sciences, 153, 61-69.

[6]   Golini, R., Corti, B. and Landoni, P. (2017) More Efficient Project Execution and Evaluation with Logical Framework and Project Cycle Management: Evidence from International Development Projects. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 35, 128-138.

[7]   Frefer, A.A., Mahmoud, M., Haleema, H. and Almamlook, R. (2018) Overview Success Criteria and Critical Success Factors in Project Management. Industrial Engineering & Management, 7, 1-6.

[8]   Kabutha, C. and Mutero, C.M. (2002) From Government to Farmers Managed Smallholder Rice Schemes: The Case of the Mwea Rice Irrigation Scheme. International Water Management Institute, Colombo, 191-210.

[9]   Sarvestani, M., Baghaei, H., Kardani, M. and Bagheri, H. (2011) The Necessity of Transferring Management to Water Users Association in Water Resources Development Projects with Public Participation Approach. 21st International Congress on Irrigation and Drainage, Tehran, 15-23 October 2011, 15-23.

[10]   Ngigi, S.N. (2002) Review of Irrigation Development in Kenya. International Water Management Institute, Colombo, 35-54.

[11]   Neubert, S., Hesse, V., Iltgen, S., Onyando, J.O., Onchoke, W., Peters, V., Seelaff, A. and Taras, D. (2007) Poverty Oriented Irrigation Policy in Kenya: Empirical Results and Suggestions for Reform. Discussion Paper, Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik, Bonn.

[12]   Salami, A., Kamara, A.B. and Brixiova, Z. (2010) Smallholder Agriculture in East Africa: Trends, Constraints and Opportunities. Working Papers Series No. 105, African Development Bank, Abidjan.

[13]   Fanadzo, M. (2012) Revitalisation of Smallholder Irrigation Schemes for Poverty Alleviation and Household Food Security in South Africa: A Review. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 7, 1956-1969.

[14]   Machethe, C.L., Mollel, N.M., Ayisi, K., Mashatola, M.B., Anim, F.D.K. and Vanasche, F. (2004) Smallholder Irrigation and Agricultural Development in the Olifants River Basin of Limpopo Province: Management Transfer, Productivity, Profitability and Food Security Issues. University of the North, School of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Limpopo.

[15]   GIBB Africa (2011) Consultancy Services for Feasibility Study, Detailed Design and Preparation of Tender Documents for Lower Kuja Irrigation Development Project: Detailed Designs. Unpublished Technical Report, GIBB Africa Limited, Nairobi.

[16]   Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (2018) Economic Survey 2018.

[17]   Dlamini, N.S., Rowshon, M.K., Makhanya, M. and Sithole, S. (2014) The CDAA Framework for Development of Sustainable Large-Scale Smallholder Irrigation Schemes in Swaziland. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, 2, 386-393.

[18]   Mutambara, S. and Munodawafa, A. (2014) Production Challenges and Sustainability of Smallholder Irrigation Schemes in Zimbabwe. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 4, 87-96.

[19]   Oduor, I.O. (2018) Farmer Participation in Project Management Phases, Endogenous Factors and Stability of Smallholder Irrigation Schemes in Busia County, Kenya. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Nairobi, Nairobi.

[20]   Fanadzo, M., Chiduza, C. and Mnkeni, P.N.S. (2010) Overview of Smallholder Irrigation Schemes in South Africa: Relationship between Farmer Crop Management Practices and Performance. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 5, 3514-3523.

[21]   Kisaka, S.E., Adhiambo, O.C., Ndege, D.M. and Muio, A.K. (2015) The Effect of Financial Deepening on the Performance of Smallholder Farmers in Homa Bay County, Kenya. Research Journal of Finance & Accounting, 6, 141-155.

[22]   Miruri, R.K. (2017) Determinants of Performance of Irrigation Projects: Case of Nthawa Irrigation Project of Mbeere North Sub-County, Embu County, Kenya. Master’s Thesis. University of Nairobi, Nairobi.

[23]   Ngenoh, E., Kirui, L.K., Mutai, B.K., Maina, M.C. and Koech, W. (2015) Economic Determinants of the Performance of Public Irrigation Schemes in Kenya. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 7, 344-352.

[24]   Ashraf, N., Giné, X. and Karlan, D. (2009) Finding Missing Markets (and a Disturbing Epilogue): Evidence from an Export Crop Adoption and Marketing Intervention in Kenya. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 91, 973-990.

[25]   Muma, M. (2016) Mapping of Studies on Employment Creation of Agriculture and Agro-Processing in Kenya: Final Report. Institute of Development Studies, University of Nairobi, Nairobi.

[26]   Karina, F.Z. and Mwaniki, A.W. (2011) Irrigation Agriculture in Kenya: Impact of the Economic Stimulus Programme and Long-Term Prospects for Food Security in an Era of Climate Change. Heinrich Böll Stiftung East & Hon of Africa, Nairobi.

[27]   Omiti, J., Otieno, D., Nyanamba, T. and Mc Cullough, E. (2009) Factors Influencing the Intensity of Market Participation by Smallholder Farmers: A Case Study of Rural and Peri-Urban Areas of Kenya. Afjare, 3, 57-82.

[28]   Nkari, I.M. and Kibera, F.N. (2016) The Influence of Farmer Characteristics on Performance of Commercial Farmers in Kiambu County, Kenya. European Journal of Business and Social Sciences, 5, 63-78.

[29]   Ornan, H., Khobe, D. and Ornan, B. (2017) Adoption of Agricultural Innovations by Rice Farmers in Yola—South Local Government, Adamawa State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research, 10, 78-81.

[30]   Sahin, I. (2004) Detailed Review of Rogers’ Diffusion of Innovations Theory and Educational Technology-Related Studies Based on Rogers’ Theory. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 5, 14-23.

[31]   Scott, S.D., Plotnikoff, R.C., Karunamuni, N., Bize, R. and Rodgers, W. (2008) Factors Influencing the Adoption of an Innovation: An Examination of the Uptake of the Canadian Heart Health Kit (HHK). Implementation Science, 3, 41.

[32]   Rindfleisch, A., Malter, A.J., Ganesan, S. and Moorman, C. (2008) Cross-Sectional Verses Longitudinal Survey Research. Journal of Marketing Research, 45, 1-23.

[33]   McCombes, S. (2019) Correlational Research.

[34]   Krejcie, R.V. and Morgan, D.W. (1970) Determining Sample Size for Research Activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30, 607-610.

[35]   Hilton, C.E. (2015) The Importance of Pretesting Questionnaires: A Field Research Example of Cognitive Pretesting the Exercise Referral Quality of Life Scale. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 20, 21-34.

[36]   Lancaster, G.A., Dodd, S. and Williamson, P.R. (2002) Design & Analysis of Pilot Studies: Recommendations for Good Practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 10, 307-312.