JACEN  Vol.10 No.3 , August 2021
Investigation of Novel Plant Maerua Shrub (Maerua subcordata) for Cheap and Efficient Bioethanol Production in Kenya
Abstract: Bioethanol is an attractive source of energy when compared to fossil fuel. It is renewable and environmentally friendly due to its low toxicity and biodegradability. The first generation bioethanol derived from is limited by the high cost of production of these crops and danger posed to food security. This study investigated the use of wild maerua shrub in production of bioethanol in comparison to cultivated food crops. Fermentation was done using Yeasts Y1, Y2 and Y3. Yeasts Y1 and Y2 were isolated from finger millet malt, while Y3 was the commercial yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Fermented plant samples were distilled, oxidized and analysed at 595nm using UV-Visible spectrophotometer. Statgraphics centurion XVI.I was used for statistical analyses. The concentration (g/L) was obtained from a formula and converted to (g/L).The ethanol concentration (g/L) and productivity (g/L/h) were as follows; cassava (64.052 ± 0.098; 1.334), maize (66.670 ± 0.227; 1.389), sorghum (62.382 ± 2.148b; 1.300) and maerua shrub (61.988 ± 0.160, 1.291) which were significantly higher compared to sugarcane molasses (49.978 g/L, 1.041) when fermented by Y2. Mean ethanol concentration (g/L) and productivity (g/L/h) for plants across all yeasts were comparable (p-value = 0.4239). Maerua Shrub should be used as an alternative sugar source for bioethanol production.
Cite this paper: Kangor, W. , Ayabei, K. , Lutta, S. and Maiyoh, G. (2021) Investigation of Novel Plant Maerua Shrub (Maerua subcordata) for Cheap and Efficient Bioethanol Production in Kenya. Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment, 10, 305-313. doi: 10.4236/jacen.2021.103019.

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