AS  Vol.12 No.6 , June 2021
Sterilization of Seed Carthamus tinctorius (Safflower) Plant and Investigation of the Effectiveness of the Sterilizants
Abstract: Plant tissue culture studies are one of the pretreatments carried out to increase crop yield by preventing germination in plant seeds. In this research, repeated plant tissue culture studies were conducted with sterilizers specific to safflower seed, which will increase production efficiency but do not cause genetic polymorphism and corrosion in endosperm with 3N chromosomes. Corrosives were used by dilution, and this did not damage the 3N chromosome endosperm, targeting the protein walls of microorganisms on the seed surface without eroding the seed surface, thereby providing biological sterilization. Besides, because it does not contain heavy metals, it did not cause polymorphism, that is, a mutation in the genetic sequence of the seed. Moreover, the environment and the equipment were sterilized with 2 - 3 repetitions, sterilizer treatment, planting, and germination operations were performed in a sterile environment this, in turn, allowed an isolated assessment of the yield of solution G.
Cite this paper: Korkmaz, P. , Demir, H. and Tezcan, E. (2021) Sterilization of Seed Carthamus tinctorius (Safflower) Plant and Investigation of the Effectiveness of the Sterilizants. Agricultural Sciences, 12, 603-619. doi: 10.4236/as.2021.126039.

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