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 AS  Vol.12 No.4 , April 2021
A Comparative Study of ISO/IEC 17065:2012 Standards, Accreditation Processes Implemented in Turkey Regarding Turkish Organic Agriculture Legislations
Abstract: In this study, the ISO 17065:2012 Conformity Assessment—through comparisons between the required standards for organizations that provide certifications towards products, processes, and services, and the programs regarding the certification of organic agricultural practices in Turkey that are regulated by Turkish Regulations on Principles and Implementation of Organic Agriculture, some recommendations are developed for applications in similar countries, by investigating the similar or contradictory issues surrounding the conformity assessment activities with the regulations published in this field. To contribute to the management and improvement of the certification and accreditation processes of the conformity assessment bodies carrying out the certification activities of the agricultural certification programs within the scope of the ISO 17065:2012 standard, the degree of compliance has been identified by comparing the requirements of the Regulations on the Principles and Implementation of Organic Agriculture. The compatibility of these documents and the absence of conflict in these practices will provide a sense of confidence for all relevant parties, including consumers benefiting from the organic market. According to the conclusions of this evaluation, comparison results were interpreted, taking into account the degrees of compliance from the perspectives of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of the Republic of Turkey that carries out the provisions of the Regulation on the Principles and Implementation of Organic Agriculture, the Turkish Accreditation Agency (TURKAK) that carries out accreditation activities according to the Regulation, and the certification bodies that are the implementers of the standards mentioned above and regulations, the problem areas were determined, and recommendations have been developed. The national problems in this context have been specified, and recommendations were developed based on observations and examinations of ISO 17065:2012 international standard.
Cite this paper: Özkan, F. (2021) A Comparative Study of ISO/IEC 17065:2012 Standards, Accreditation Processes Implemented in Turkey Regarding Turkish Organic Agriculture Legislations. Agricultural Sciences, 12, 387-405. doi: 10.4236/as.2021.124025.
References

[1]   Eryılmaz, G.A., Kılıç, O. and Boz, İ. (2019) Türkiye’de Organik Tarım ve İyi Tarım Uygulamalarının Ekonomik, Sosyal ve Çevresel Sürdürülebilirlik Açısından Değerlendirilmesi. Evaluation of Organic Agriculture and Good Agricultural Practices in Terms of Economic, Social and Environmental Sustainability in Turkey, Yüzüncüyıl üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 29, 352-361.

[2]   Demiryürek, K. (2011) Organik Tarım Kavramı ve Organik Tarımın Dunya ve Turkiye’deki Durumu. The Concept of Organic Agriculture and Current Status of in the World and Turkey, Gaziosmanpaşa üniversitesi Ziraat Fakultesi Dergisi, 28, 27-36.

[3]   Kılıçarslan, N.S. (2015) Tarım ve Orman Bakanlığı AB Uzmanlık Tezi, Türkiye ve AB’de Organik Tarım Mevzuatı, Uygulamaları ve Değerlendirmesi. Organic Farming Legislation, Implementations and Evaluation.

[4]   Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of Republic of Turkey (2021) T.C Tarım ve Orman Bakanlığı.
https://www.tarimorman.gov.tr/Konular/Bitkisel-Uretim/Organik-Tarim/Istatistikler, Turkish

[5]   Turkish Organic Agriculture Law No. 5262 (2004).
https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/MevzuatMetin/1.5.5262-20100311.pdf

[6]   Turkish Accreditation Agency (2021).
https://www.turkak.org.tr/

[7]   Regulation on the Principles and Implementation of Organic Agriculture Dated 18.08.2010 and Numbered 27676.
https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2010/08/20100818-4.html

[8]   ISO/IEC 17065:2012 Conformity Assessment—Requirements for Bodies Certifying Products, Processes and Services (2012).
https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso-iec:17065:ed-1:v1:en

[9]   Özkan, F.Z., Hasdemir, M. and Uzunçam, R. (2015) Türkiye’de Tarım ürünlerinin Belgelendirilmesi ve Akreditasyonu. Certification and Accreditation of Agricultural Products in Turkey, Tarım Ekonomisi Araştırmaları Dergisi, 1, 48-58.

[10]   R50.07 Tarım Ürünleri Belgelendirmesi Yapan Kuruluşların Akreditasyon Süreçlerine İlişkin Kurallar Rehberi. Guidelines for Accreditation Processes of Agricultural Products Certification Bodies (2019).
https://secure.turkak.org.tr/docs/GuiedeLines/R50-07_04_0.pdf

 
 
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