JTR  Vol.9 No.1 , March 2021
Pulmonary and Extra-Pulmonary Tuberculosis: Epidemiological and Diagnostic Aspects at Somin&eacute DOLO Hospital in Mopti
Abstract: Despite the efforts made to fight the tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis still remains a public health problem, particularly for low-income countries. According to the World Health Organization data, our country, Mali has detected only half of the 10,385 cases of tuberculosis expected for 2014 for a population of 17,309,000 inhabitants. The objective of this present work was to describe the different clinical aspects and the epidemiology of tuberculosis at Hospital Sominé Dolo in Mopti. We performed a retro-prospective and descriptive of tuberculosis cases diagnosed in our department of medicine between May 2016 and August 2018. A total of 96 tuberculosis cases were recorded, i.e. 4.6% and 1.0% for hospitalizations and consultations patterns, respectively. The median of age was 41 with extremes from 5 to 80 years. The age group [31 - 40 years] was the most affected with 20.8%. Men and women were affected in identical proportions, i.e. 50%. Pulmonary locations were the most frequent with 55.2%. Pleural tuberculosis was far the most frequent of the extra-pulmonary forms with 24.0% followed by the peritoneal and bone localization with 6.3% each. The majority of patients were followed on an outpatient basis, i.e. 90.6%. The disease lethality was 7.3%. Our data show that the cases of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis are in an increasing proportion and their diagnosis confirmation remains difficult in our context.
Cite this paper: Samake, D. , Coulibaly, M. , Keita, M. , Dembele, M. , Traore, A. , Coulibaly, D. , Guindo, O. , Traore, M. , Keita, B. and Dao, S. (2021) Pulmonary and Extra-Pulmonary Tuberculosis: Epidemiological and Diagnostic Aspects at Somin&eacute DOLO Hospital in Mopti. Journal of Tuberculosis Research, 9, 63-71. doi: 10.4236/jtr.2021.91005.

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