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 MSA  Vol.12 No.3 , March 2021
Impact of Cr Substitution on Structural, Magnetic, Electric and Impedance Study of Mn-Ni-Zn Ferrites
Abstract: A series of Cr3+-substituted Mn-Ni–Zn ferrites; Mn0.5Ni0.1Zn0.4Fe2-xCrxO4 (x = 0.0 - 0.4 in a step of 0.1) were prepared by traditional solid-state reaction route. The structural, magnetic, dielectric properties and impedance spectroscopy of these compositions were studied. Phase identification and lattice constant (a0) determination were carried out by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The XRD patterns established the fabrication of a single-phase spinel structure. The FESEM micrographs exposed that the average grain size () increased slightly with chromium (Cr) substitution and then decreased for a higher concentration of chromium in the composition. The real part of initial permeability () diminished owing to the enhanced porosity of the compositions with the increase of Cr3+ content in the composition. The highest relative quality factor (RQF) was attained for the samples with x = 0.1. The magnetic hysteresis was investigated to know the effect of Cr3+ substitution in the composition of the magnetic properties. The decrease of saturation magnetization (Ms) with an enhancement in Cr3+ might be triggered by switching of Fe3+ ions from octahedral to tetrahedral site. The samples with x = 0.1 exhibited the highest anisotropy constant (K). Curie temperatures of the investigated samples were significantly modified to lower temperatures with the Cr3+ content. The frequency characteristics of dielectric properties and impedance spectroscopy had been investigated. The highest dielectric constant (ε') and resistivity were observed for x = 0.1 and x = 0.2 samples. The complex impedance spectra analysis reveals in-depth information about the conduction mechanism, microstructure, and orientation of the grains in the samples.
Cite this paper: Haque, S. , Mazumdar, S. , Khan, M. and Das, M. (2021) Impact of Cr Substitution on Structural, Magnetic, Electric and Impedance Study of Mn-Ni-Zn Ferrites. Materials Sciences and Applications, 12, 121-138. doi: 10.4236/msa.2021.123008.
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