AS  Vol.11 No.10 , October 2020
Suitability of Green Gram Production in Kenya under Present and Future Climate Scenarios Using Bias-Corrected Cordex RCA4 Models
Abstract: Green gram is considered as one of the legumes suitable for cultivation in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs) of Kenya. However, climate change may alter the areas suitable for green gram production. This study sought to model green gram suitability in Kenya under present and future conditions using bias-corrected RCA4 models data. The datasets used were: maps of soil parameters extracted from Kenya Soil Survey map; present and future rainfall and temperature data from an ensemble of nine models from the Fourth Edition of the Rossby Centre (RCA4) Regional Climate Model (RCM); and altitude from the Digital elevation model (DEM) of the USGS. The maps were first reclassified into four classes of suitability as Highly Suitable (S1), Moderately Suitable (S2), Marginally Suitable (S3), and Not Suitable (N). The classes represent the different levels of influence of a factor on the growth and yield of green grams. The reclassified maps were then assigned a weight generated using the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). A weighted overlay of climate characteristics (past and future rainfall and temperature), soil properties (depth, pH, texture, CEC, and drainage) and altitude found most of Kenya as moderately suitable for green gram production during the March to May (MAM) and October to December (OND) seasons under the baseline, RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 scenarios with highly suitable areas being found in Counties like Kitui, Makueni, and West Pokot among others. During the MAM season, the area currently highly suitable for green gram production (67,842.62 km2) will increase slightly to 68,600.4 km2 (1.1%) during the RCP 4.5 and reduce to 61,307.8 km2 (−9.6%) under the RCP 8.5 scenario. During the OND season, the area currently highly suitable (49,633.4 km2) will increase under both RCP 4.5 (22.2%) and RCP 8.5 (58.5%) scenarios. This increase is as a result of favourable rainfall and temperature conditions in the future.
Cite this paper: Mugo, J. , Opijah, F. , Ngaina, J. , Karanja, F. and Mburu, M. (2020) Suitability of Green Gram Production in Kenya under Present and Future Climate Scenarios Using Bias-Corrected Cordex RCA4 Models. Agricultural Sciences, 11, 882-896. doi: 10.4236/as.2020.1110057.

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