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 AID  Vol.10 No.3 , December 2020
Evaluation of Fear and Peritraumatic Distress during COVID-19 Pandemic in Brazil
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Abstract: COVID-19 pandemic continues to spread exponentially worldwide, especially in America. At the end of August 2020, Brazil is one of the most affected countries with more than three and a half million cases and up to 114,250 deaths. This study aims to assess the fear and peri-traumatic stress during the COVID-19 pandemics in Brazil, to enhance infection control methods, appropriate interventions, and public health policies. A cross-sectional survey has been conducted from April 12th to 18th using the Peri-Traumatic Distress Scale (CPDI) and the Fear Scale (FCV-19S) aiming to measure the peri-traumatic stress and fear as psychological reactions during the COVID-19 pandemic. For that purpose, an online spreadsheet was used to send the questionnaire and scales to a sample of 1844 participants as a collecting information tool. Significant positive relationship (r = 0.660, p < 0.001) and internal consistencies on CPDI and FCV-195 scales (Cronbach Alfa scores 0.90 and 0.88 respectively) were shown. Results highlight significant gender differences as in both scales women’s mean scores are higher showing that it is paramount that women’s voices were represented in policy spaces as socially constructed gender roles place them in a strategic position to enhance multi-level interventions (primary and secondary effects of COVID-19), equitable policies, and new approaches to control the pandemic.
Cite this paper: Abad, A. , da Silva, J. , de Paiva Teixeira, L. , Antonelli-Ponti, M. , Bastos, S. , Mármora, C. , Campos, L. , Paiva, S. , de Freitas, R. , da Silva, J. (2020) Evaluation of Fear and Peritraumatic Distress during COVID-19 Pandemic in Brazil. Advances in Infectious Diseases, 10, 184-194. doi: 10.4236/aid.2020.103019.
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