OJEpi  Vol.10 No.4 , November 2020
Real-Time COVID-19 Forecasting for Four States of India Using a Regression Transmission Model
Abstract: Introduction: More than a million people are reported to have been infected with COVID in India, since the beginning of the pandemic. However, the epidemic is not the same across the country. Though there are state-level variations rapidly changing disease dynamics and the response has created uncertainty towards appropriate use of models to project for the future. Method: This paper aims at using a validated semi-mechanistic stochastic model to generate short term forecasts. This analysis used data available at the respective state government bulletins for four states. The analysis used a simplified transmission model using Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulation with Metropolis-Hastings updating. Results: Two weeks were used to compare the results with the actual data. The forecasted results are well within the 25th and 75th percentile of the actual cases reported by the respective states. The results indicate a reliable method for a real-time short term forecasting of COVID-19 cases. The 1st week projected interquartile range and actual; reported cases for the state of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha were (1064 - 2532) 2234, (17,503 - 50,125) 27,214, (5225 - 11,003) 9563, (2559 - 4461) 3925, respectively. Similarly, the 2nd week projected interquartile range and actual; reported cases were (1055 - 7803) 4221, (18,298 - 73,952) 31,488, (4705 - 23,224) 13,357, (2701 - 9037) 4175 respectively. Conclusion: This real-time forecast can be used as an early warning tool for projecting the changes in the epidemic in the near future triggering proactive management steps.
Cite this paper: Choudhury, L. and Kumar, B. (2020) Real-Time COVID-19 Forecasting for Four States of India Using a Regression Transmission Model. Open Journal of Epidemiology, 10, 335-345. doi: 10.4236/ojepi.2020.104027.

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