ENG  Vol.12 No.8 , August 2020
Research on Wheel Rail Wear for a 140 t Open Type Hot Metal Car
Abstract: To maintain the safety of an open-type hot-metal car and to reduce wheel-rail wear during transportation, simulation models of the main components of such car were built using Pro/E software and then tested. In particular, the Pro/E models were imported into ADAMS/Rail for assembly and then used to construct a complete hot-metal car dynamic model. Locomotive wheel-rail attack angle, wheel-rail lateral force, and wear index were used as evaluation parameters during the simulation to analyze the effects of bogie parameter, rail parameter, and speed of the hot-metal car on wheel-rail wear. An improvement scheme for reducing wheel-rail wear was proposed based on the result of the dynamic simulation, wherein wheel-rail wear and curving performance were analyzed and compared. The simulation provided an important reference for evaluating and improving the dynamic performance of the hot-metal car. The applied effect showed that the improvement scheme is effective.
Cite this paper: Feng, B. , Jia, S. and Feng, G. (2020) Research on Wheel Rail Wear for a 140 t Open Type Hot Metal Car. Engineering, 12, 563-580. doi: 10.4236/eng.2020.128039.

[1]   Piptyuk, V.P., Polyakov, V.F. and Samokhvalov, S.E. (2009) Study of Hydrodynamics of a 350-Ton Ladle Bath during the Treatment of Steel on a Ladle-Furnace Unit. Metallurgist, 53, 679-684.

[2]   Belkovskii, A.G. and Kats, Ya.L. (2009) Mathematical Model of the Cooling of Steel in Small Ladle. Metallurgist, 53, 261-273.

[3]   Makarov, D.N., Gorbachev, Yu.P. and Andreev, V.A. (2007) Use of 140-Ton Ladle to Transport Liquid Pig Iron. Metallurgist, 51, 486-488.

[4]   Ignesti, M., Malvezzi, M., Marini, L., Meli, E. and Rindi, A. (2012) Development of a Wear Model for the Prediction of Wheel and Rail Profile Evolution in Railway Systems. Wear, 284-285, 1-17.

[5]   Pombo, J., Ambrosio, J., Pereira, M., Lewis, R., Dwyer-Joyce, R., Ariaudo, C. and Kuka, N. (2010) A Study on Wear Evaluation of Railway Wheels Based on Multibody Dynamics and Wear Computation. Multibody System Dynamics, 24, 347-366.

[6]   Shabana, A.A., Zaazaa, K.E., Escalona, J.L. and Sanyc, J.R. (2004) Development of Elastic Force Model for Wheel/Rail Contact Problems. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 269, 295-325.

[7]   Meli, E., Falomi, S., Malvezzi, M. and Rindi, A. (2008) Determination of Wheel-Rail Contact Points with Semianalytic Methods. Multibody System Dynamics, 20, 327-358.

[8]   Meli, E., Falomi, S., Malvezzi, M. and Rindi, A. (2005) Determination of Wheel-Rail Contact Points: Comparison between Classical and Neural Network Based Procedures. Meccanica, 44, 661-686.

[9]   Xie, S.M., Yue, L.H. and Gao, Y. (2007) Based on Firm-Soft Mixture Model 300T Hot-Metal Car Dynamics Simulation. Computer Simulation, No. 24, 270-273.

[10]   Zhang, L.W., Li, F. and Huang, Y.H. (2009) Analysis on Special Molten Iron Tanker Curve Negotiation and Ride Performance. Railway Locomotive and Car, No. 29, 35-37.

[11]   Zhang, W.D., Mo, X.H. and Peng, J.S. (2007) Based on ADAMS the Hydraulic Plate Molten Iron Charter Dynamics Simulation. Special Purpose Motor Vehicle, No. 10, 35-38.

[12]   Zhai, W.M. (2012) Vehicle-Rail Coupling Dynamics. Science Press, Beijing.

[13]   Wang, C. (2011) Research on the Molten Iron Car Wheel Wear. Shijiazhuang Tiedao University, Shijiazhuang.

[14]   Yan, J.M. and Fu, M.H. (2012) Vehicle Engineering. China Railway Publishing House, Beijing.

[15]   Tao, G.Q., Wen, Z.F. and Guan, Q.H. (2003) Locomotive Wheel Wear Simulation in Complex Environment of Wheel-Rail Interface. Wear, 430-431, 214-221.

[16]   Ignesti, M. (2014) Development of a Model for the Simultaneous Analysis of Wheel and Rail Wear in Railway Systems. Multibody System Dynamics, 31, 191-240.

[17]   Yang, G.X., Zhao, F.W. and Li, Q.Z. (2019) Study of Influences of High-Speed Train Wheel-Rail Contact Geometric Parameters on Wheel-Rail Wear. Journal of the China Railway Society, 41, 50-56.

[18]   Wang, P., Wang, L. and Shabana, A.A. (2017) Influence of Rail Flexibility in a Wheel/Rail Wear Prediction Model. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit, 231, 57-74.

[19]   Magel, E. and Kalousek, J. (2017) Designing and Assessing Wheel/Rail Profiles for Improved Rolling Contact Fatigue and Wear Performance. Engineers Part F Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit, 231, 805-818.