AS  Vol.11 No.8 , August 2020
Genetic Diversity in the Semi-Arid Grown Cowpea(Vigna unguiculata L. Walp)Accessions Using Morphological and Molecular Characterization
Abstract: Assessment of genetic diversity of the indigenous crop accessions is extremely important for breeders to identify potential parents in cross-breeding programs. Fourteen cowpea accessions collected from different parts of Sudan were used for characterization at morphological and molecular levels. The seeds of the accessions were sown in the field using a randomized complete block design with three replicates. Sixteen morphological descriptors (9 qualitative and 7 quantitative) and 20 Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers were used for characterization of the accessions. The results of morphological data revealed considerable variability within and between state’s accessions. Some morphological traits revealed similarity between accessions from different states. Among the 20 RAPD markers used, 18 were polymorphic. A total of 379 polymorphic patterns were generated; polymorphic information content (PIC) ranged from 0.63 to 0.98 with an average of 0.9. The number of fragment detected ranged from 2 for OPL-11 to 51 for OPY-2 with an average of 26.06/primer and 27.07/genotype. One to five (1 - 5) unique fragments of different sizes were detected for particular accessions, which may provide a valuable resource for breeding superior cowpea cultivars in Sudan and other semi-arid zones. Genetic similarity was ranged from 0.02 to 0.47 with an average of 0.25. Highest genetic similarity was between genotypes HSD-2966 and HSD-2967 and between genotypes HSD-5131 and HSD-5627 and the lowest was between HSD-5131 and HSD-5861 followed by that between HSD-2976 and HSD-29130 accessions. The study recommends the combination of morphological and molecular data for more efficient genetic diversity assessment and management.
Cite this paper: Elteib, A. and Gasim, S. (2020) Genetic Diversity in the Semi-Arid Grown Cowpea(Vigna unguiculata L. Walp)Accessions Using Morphological and Molecular Characterization. Agricultural Sciences, 11, 692-706. doi: 10.4236/as.2020.118044.

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