JEP  Vol.11 No.8 , August 2020
Research on Spatiotemporal Variation of Soil Temperature in China from 1948 to 2018
Abstract: The change of soil temperature can affect the regional climate, so it is of great significance to research the spatial and temporal evolution characteristics of regional soil temperature over a long period of time for the research of the land-air interaction, climate change and ecological agricultural construction. We use the v2.0 and v2.1 data set combined with GLDAS and Noah models to analyze the spatiotemporal variation of temperature in soil layers of 0 - 200 cm in China during the period of 71 years from 1948 to 2018. Firstly, the Mann-Kendall test method is used to research the variation trend of soil temperature over the past 71 years in China and the spatial variation of these trends. Secondly, by calculating the spatiotemporal coefficient of variation (CV) of soil temperature, the spatial-temporal fluctuation of soil temperature in China is further studied and analyzed. Finally, the Hurst index is used to analyze the possible future trend of soil temperature in China. Based on these methods, we have drawn the following conclusions: 1) The soil temperature in most areas of northern China had an increasing trend, especially in the northeast China. The soil temperature in most of the south China had a decreasing trend. The temperature trends of the four soil layers had little difference, and it remained stable on the whole. 2) The regional difference of soil temperature in China remained stable before 1999, and decreased suddenly in 2000. After 2008, the regional difference increased. Compared with the previous period, the temperature in some areas increased or decreased abnormally. 3) The soil temperature in eastern, southeast China and Xinjiang had a relatively significant variation in the 71 years. From 0 - 10 cm soil surface to 100 - 200 cm soil bottom, the spatial difference of temperature gradually decreased, which was due to the fact that the soil temperature was more affected by the surface atmospheric temperature. 4) The soil temperature in the north and northwest of China will continue to grow, and in the southern—most will continue to decrease. The soil temperature in the north of central China will become a decreasing trend, while the temperature in the south of central China will become an increasing trend.
Cite this paper: Zang, M. , Geng, M. , Zhang, F. , Wu, Q. and Liang, Y. (2020) Research on Spatiotemporal Variation of Soil Temperature in China from 1948 to 2018. Journal of Environmental Protection, 11, 570-584. doi: 10.4236/jep.2020.118034.

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