Back
 EPE  Vol.12 No.6 , June 2020
Efficiency of Aluminium and Copper Coated Aluminium Electrode in Hydrogen Fuel Generation from Rain Water
Abstract: Water electrolysis is considered as the most capable and old technology for hydrogen fuel preparation. Electrolysis needs external electrical energy through electrodes to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. An efficient electrolysis requires suitable electrodes to minimize potential drop. In this study Aluminium and Copper Coated Aluminium were used as different combination of Anodes and Cathodes to find out more efficient electrodes combination. NaCl solution in rain water was taken as electrolyte. Rain water was taken to avoid ionic impedance of tap water and expenses of distilled water. In this study, the most efficient electrode combination was Copper Coated Aluminium (anode)-Aluminium (cathode) and gave the highest efficiency of hydrogen production to about 11% at normal temperature for very low concentration of NaCl (0.051 M) which increased with temperature, up to 29% upon rising of temp to 60&#176C. It was showed that higher concentration of electrolyte would surge the efficiency significantly. If the supplied heat could be provided from any waste heat sources then this study would be more efficient. However, current research evaluated the technical feasibility of this electrode combination for producing hydrogen with electrolysis of rain water utilizing electricity and modified electrodes.
Cite this paper: Saklin, M. , Das, R. , Akther, Y. , Dewanjee, S. , Das, S. , Monir, T. and Mondal, S. (2020) Efficiency of Aluminium and Copper Coated Aluminium Electrode in Hydrogen Fuel Generation from Rain Water. Energy and Power Engineering, 12, 348-356. doi: 10.4236/epe.2020.126021.
References

[1]   Bairachnyi, V., Rudenko, N., Zhelavska, Y. and Pilipenko, A. (2019) Using Aluminum Alloys in the Electrochemical Hydrogen Production. Materials Today: Proceedings, 6, 299-304.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2018.10.108

[2]   Kumar, S.S. and Himabindu, V. (2019) Hydrogen Production by PEM Water Electrolysis: A Review. Materials Science for Energy Technologies, 2, 442-454.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mset.2019.03.002

[3]   Miyaoka, H., Miyaoka, H., Ichikawa, T., et al. (2018) Highly Purified Hydrogen Production from Ammonia for PEM Fuel Cell. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 43, 14486-14492.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.06.065

[4]   Kelly, N.A., Gibson, T.L., Cai, M., Spearot, J.A. and Ouwerkerk, D.B. (2009) Development of a Renewable Hydrogen Economy—Optimization of Existing Technologies. IMETI 2009—2nd Int. Multi-Conference Eng. Technol. Innov. Proc., 1, 128-135.

[5]   Yuvaraj, A.L. and Santhanaraj, D. (2014) A Systematic Study on Electrolytic Production of Hydrogen Gas by Using Graphite as Electrode. Materials Research, 17, 83-87.
https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-14392013005000153

[6]   Majumder, S.A. and Khan, S.U.M. (1994) Photoelectrolysis of Water at Bare and Electrocatalyst Covered Thin Film Iron Oxide Electrode. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 19, 881-887.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0360-3199(94)90040-X

[7]   Richards, J.W. (1896) Modern Theories of Electrolysis. Journal of the Franklin Institute, 141, 192-218.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-0032(96)90067-8

[8]   Zikri, A., Erlinawati, Trisnaliani, L. and Wulandari, D. (2018) The Design of ACE (Aluminum Corrosion and Electrolysis) Reactor and Its Performance to Produce Hydrogen from Beverage Cans. Reaktor, 17, 210-214.
http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/reaktor/
https://doi.org/10.14710/reaktor.17.4.210-214


[9]   Acar, C. and Dincer, I. (2018) Investigation of a Novel Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Production System. Chemical Engineering Science, 197, 74-86.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2018.12.014

[10]   Bockris, J.O’M., Dandapani, B., Cocke, D. and Ghoroghchian, J. (1985) On the Splitting of Water. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 10, 179-201.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0360-3199(85)90025-4

[11]   Zeng, K. and Zhang, D. (2010) Recent Progress in Alkaline Water Electrolysis for Hydrogen Production and Applications. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 36, 307-326.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2009.11.002

[12]   Hu, W., Cao, X., Wang, F. and Zhang, Y. (1997) Short Communication: A Novel Cathode for Alkaline Water Electrolysis. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 22, 441-443.

[13]   Baumeister, T. and Avallone, E.A. (1978) Marks’s Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers.
https://refacsmkn1crb.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/38102475-marks-standard-handbook-for-mechanical-engineers.pdf

[14]   Zhang, H., Lin, G. and Chen, J. (2010) Evaluation and Calculation on the Efficiency of a Water Electrolysis System for Hydrogen Production. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 35, 10851-10858.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.07.088

[15]   Ni, M., Leung, M.K.H. and Leung, D.Y.C. (2008) Energy and Exergy Analysis of Hydrogen Production by a Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Electrolyzer Plant. Energy Conversion and Management, 49, 2748-2756.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2008.03.018

[16]   Chang, C., Sommerfeldt, T.G., Carefoot, J.M. and Schaalje, G.B. (1983) Relationships of Electrical Conductivity with Total Dissolved Salts and Cation Concentration of Sulfate-Dominant Soil Extracts. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 63, 79-86.
https://doi.org/10.4141/cjss83-008

[17]   Matula, R.A. (1979) Electrical Resistivity of Copper, Gold, Palladium, and Silver. Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, 8, 1147-1298.
https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555614

[18]   Serway, R.A. and Jewett, J.W. (2003) Physics for Scientists and Engineers (with PhysicsNOW and InfoTrac). 6th Edition, Brooks Cole.

[19]   Yamazaki, K. and Zimmerman, P.E. (1993) United States Patent (19).

[20]   CCA15% (n.d.).
https://www.elektrisola.com/conductor-materials/aluminum-copper-clad-aluminum/cca15.html

[21]   Buddhi, D., Kothari, R. and Sawhney, R.L. (2006) An Experimental Study on the Effect of Electrolytic Concentration on the Rate of Hydrogen Production. International Journal of Green Energy, 3, 381-395.
https://doi.org/10.1080/01971520600873343

[22]   Ben Slama, R. (2013) Production of Hydrogen by Electrolysis of Water: Effects of the Electrolyte Type on the Electrolysis Performances. Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering, 2, 54-58.
https://doi.org/10.4236/cweee.2013.22006

[23]   Kothari, R., Buddhi, D. and Sawhney, R.L. (2005) Studies on the Effect of Temperature of the Electrolytes on the Rate of Production of Hydrogen. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 30, 261-263.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2004.03.030

 
 
Top