CUS  Vol.8 No.2 , June 2020
Approaches to Improve Streetscape Design in Saudi Arabia
Abstract: The kingdom of Saudi Arabia is looking to enhance the quality of life in its cities by making the cities livable places. This study focuses on the changes that need to be made to the street design in Saudi Arabia to achieve the goals of the 2030 vision. This paper highlights the importance of aesthetics, accessibility, security and safety and walkability, which needs to be considered during street design. The analytical study uses examples from around the world of applying the basic principles of streetscape design in order to develop the streetscape approaches and recommendations in Saudi Arabia. The research emphasizes the importance of developing the urban environment visual image in the country to enhance the quality of life of both people and the city. Approaches include directing urban planners and designers to the important role of the well-designed streetscape and identifying methods of applying sustainability to streetscape design and making street pedestrian-oriented.
Cite this paper: Addas, A. and Alserayhi, G. (2020) Approaches to Improve Streetscape Design in Saudi Arabia. Current Urban Studies, 8, 253-264. doi: 10.4236/cus.2020.82014.

[1]   Abdul Rahman, N., Shamsuddin, S., & Ghani, I. (2014). What Makes People Use the Street? Towards a Liveable Urban Environment in Kuala Lumpur City Centre. Procedia-Social and Behavioural Sciences, 170, 624-632.

[2]   Addas, A. (2015). Motivation and Attachment in the Use of Public Open Spaces in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Unpublished PhD Dissertation, Sheffield: Landscape Department, the University of Sheffield.

[3]   Addas, A. (2018). Landscape Architecture and the Saudi Arabia Quality of Life Program. Emirates Journal for Engineering Research, 24, 21-29.

[4]   Addas, A. (2020). Enhanced Public Open Spaces Planning in Saudi Arabia to Meet National Transformation Program Goals. Current Urban Studies, 8, 184-204.

[5]   Almahmood, M., Schulze, O., Carstensen, T. A., & JØrgensen, G. (2018). The Sidewalk as a Contested Space: Women’s Negotiation of Socio-Spatial Processes of Exclusion in Public Urban Space in Saudi Arabia; the Case of Al Tahlia Street. Planning Practice & Research, 33, 186-210.

[6]   Amerigo, M., & Aragones, J. I. (1997). A Theoretical and Methodological Approach to the Study of Residential Satisfaction. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 17, 47-57.

[7]   Badawi, S. (2017). Sustainable Approach for Developing Local Mixed-Use Streets Case Study Beit Al Maqdis Street in Jeddah. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 37, 374-385.

[8]   Bandarabad, A., & Shahcheraghi, A. (2012). Livable Street in Urban Environment: An Adaptive Design Approach. Advances in Environmental Biology, 6, 1063-1067.

[9]   Brown, B. B., Smith, K. R., Tharp, D., Werner, C. M., Tribby, C. P., Miller, H. J., & Jensen, W. (2016). A Complete Street Intervention for Walking to Transit, Nontransit Walking, and Bicycling: A Quasi-Experimental Demonstration of Increased Use. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 13, 1210-1219.

[10]   Burden, D., & Litman, T. (2011). America Needs Complete Streets. ITE Journal (Institute of Transportation Engineers), 81, 36-43.

[11]   Carmona, M. (2019). Place Value: Place Quality and Its Impact on Health, Social, Economic and Environmental Outcomes. Journal of Urban Design, 24, 1-48.

[12]   Carmona, M., de Magalhães, C., & Hammond, L. (2008). Public Space: The Management Dimension (pp. 1-232). London: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

[13]   Carmona, M., Gabrieli, T., Hickman, R., Laopoulou, T., & Livingstone, N. (2018). Street Appeal: The Value of Street Improvements. Progress in Planning, 126, 1-51.

[14]   Carr, S. (1992). Public Space. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

[15]   Chiesura, A. (2004). The Role of Urban Parks for the Sustainable City. Landscape and Urban Planning, 68, 129-138.

[16]   Conn, S., Low, S., Taplin, D., & Scheld, S. (2010). Rethinking Urban Parks: Public Space and Cultural Diversity. The Antioch Review, 64, 577.

[17]   Davies, L. (2000). Urban Design Compendium, English Partnership UK.

[18]   Eriksson, L., Friman, M., & Gärling, T. (2008). Stated Reasons for Reducing Work-Commute by Car. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 11, 427-433.

[19]   Fellesson, M., & Friman, M. (2008). Perceived Satisfaction with Public Transport Services in Nine European Cities. Journal of the Transportation Research Forum, 47, 93-103.

[20]   Gehl, J. (2010). Cities for People. Washington DC: Island Press.

[21]   Gehl, J. (2011). Life between Buildings: Using Public Space. Washington, DC: Island Press.

[22]   Geraghty, A. B., Seifert, W., Preston, T., Holm, C. V., Duarte, T. H., & Farrar, S. M. (2009). Partnership Moves Community toward Complete Streets. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 37, S420-S427.

[23]   Greenberg, E. (2009). Sustainable Streets: An Essential Emerging Practice. APA Planning Advisory Service Reports, 78, 73-84.

[24]   Hassen, N., & Kaufman, P. (2016). Examining the Role of Urban Street Design in Enhancing Community Engagement: A Literature Review. Health and Place, 41, 119-132.

[25]   Izenberg, J. M., & Fullilove, M. T. (2016). Hospitality Invites Sociability, Which Builds Cohesion: A Model for the Role of Main Streets in Population Mental Health. Journal of Urban Health, 93, 292-311.

[26]   Jacobs, A. B. (1996). Great Streets. Cambridge: The MIT Press.

[27]   Jung, H., Lee, S., Kim, H. S., & Lee, J. S. (2017). Does Improving the Physical Street Environment Create Satisfactory and Active Streets? Evidence from Seoul’s Design Street Project. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 50, 269-279.

[28]   Kim, S., Park, S., & Lee, J. S. (2014). Meso- or Micro-Scale? Environmental Factors Influencing Pedestrian Satisfaction. Transportation Research Part D, 30, 10-20.

[29]   Lytvynenko, T., Tkachenko, I., & Ilchenko, V. (2018). Principles of Street and Urban Road Space Formation in Modern Cities. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7, 642.

[30]   McCann, B., & Rynne, S. (2010). Complete Streets: Best Policy and Implementation Practices (pp. 1-143). APA Planning Advisory Service Reports No. 559.

[31]   Mehta, V. (2014). Evaluating Public Space. Journal of Urban Design, 19, 53-88.

[32]   Moreland-Russell, S., Eyler, A., Barbero, C., Hipp, J. A., & Walsh, H. (2013). Diffusion of Complete Streets Policies across US Communities. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, 19, S89-S96.

[33]   Pacione, M. (2003). Urban Environmental Quality and Human Wellbeing—A Social Geographical Perspective. Landscape and Urban Planning, 65, 19-30.

[34]   Rahman, M. T., & Nahiduzzaman, K. M. (2019). Examining the Walking Accessibility, Willingness, and Travel Conditions of Residents in Saudi Cities. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16, 545.

[35]   Rehan, R. M. (2013). Sustainable Streetscape as an Effective Tool in Sustainable Urban Design. HBRC Journal, 9, 173-186.

[36]   Rogerson, R. J. (1999). Quality of Life and City Competitiveness. Urban Studies, 36, 969-985.

[37]   Shamsuddin, S., Abdul Rahman, N., & Sulaiman, A. B. (2010). How Walkable Is Our City? Its Influence in Creating Sustainable City Centre Design. In the International Conference Sustainable Architecture & Urban Design. Malaysia: Universiti Sains Malaysia.

[38]   Smith, C., & Levermore, G. (2008). Designing Urban Spaces and Buildings to Improve Sustainability and Quality of Life in a Warmer World. Energy Policy, 36, 4558-4562.

[39]   Smith, R., Reed, S., & Baker, S. (2010). Street Design: Part 1 Complete Streets. Public Roads, 74.

[40]   Spellman, C. (2008). Streetscape Handbook (pp. 14-52). Omaha: Omaha by Design.

[41]   Spokane, A. R., Lombard, J. L., Martinez, F., Mason, C. A., Gorman-Smith, D., Plater-Zyberk, E., Szapocznik, J. et al. (2007). Identifying Streetscape Features Significant to Well-Being. Architectural Science Review, 50, 234-245.

[42]   Stradling, S. G., Anable, J., & Carreno, M. (2007). Performance, Importance and User Disgruntlement: A Six-Step Method for Measuring Satisfaction with Travel Modes. Transportation Research: Part A, 41, 98-106.

[43]   Transport of London (2019). Streetscape Guidance London: Mayor of London.

[44]   Turel, H. S., Yigit, E. M., & Altug, I. (2007). Evaluation of Elderly People’s Requirements in Public Open Spaces: A Case Study in Bornova District (Izmir, Turkey). Building and Environment, 42, 2035-2045.

[45]   Van Kamp, I., Leidelmeijer, K., Marsman, G., & De Hollander, A. (2003). Urban Environmental Quality and Human Well-Being towards a Conceptual Framework and Demarcation of Concepts; a Literature Study. Landscape and Urban Planning, 65, 5-18.

[46]   Watkins, R., Palmer, J., & Kolokotroni, M. (2007). Increased Temperature and Intensification of the Urban Heat Island: Implications for Human Comfort and Urban Design. Built Environment, 33, 85-96.