Back
 CUS  Vol.8 No.2 , June 2020
The Urban Governance Crisis: When Housing Cooperatives Make the City—The Case of Khenifra in Morocco
Abstract: The abuse in public land assets with no particular effort to renew it, and the implementation of Law 25/901 have led to a dizzying rise in land values that continue to affect urban land on a sustainable level. The following situation is combined with the scarcity or even absence of varied social housing2, which affected directly the conditions of access to land assets in the city of Khenifra and Morocco in general. Today, housing costs are rising faster than household income levels. This situation has resulted in the development of a group of housing cooperatives that play a dual role of collecting and encouraging savings, carrying out subdivisions and infrastructure construction meanwhile. The birth of this self-help housing type in Khenifra dates back to 1993, when a first housing cooperative called Al Arz, initiated by a group of teachers, laid the foundations for a practice that would later become a sustainable phenomenon that impeded the city’s urban planning and governance.
Cite this paper: Marou, M. and Azelmad, S. (2020) The Urban Governance Crisis: When Housing Cooperatives Make the City—The Case of Khenifra in Morocco. Current Urban Studies, 8, 241-252. doi: 10.4236/cus.2020.82013.
References

[1]   Abouhani, A. (1999). Pouvoirs, villes et notabilités locales: Quand les notables font les villes. Rabat: publié avec le concours de URBAMA. (OCLC: 493387190)

[2]   Adjei Mensah, C. (2014). Destruction of Urban Green Spaces: A Problem beyond Urbanization in Kumasi City (Ghana). American Journal of Environmental Protection, 3, 1-9.
https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajep.20140301.11

[3]   Barbero, C., Marques, M. J., & Perez, M. (2013). The Case of Urban Sprawl in Spain as an Active and Irreversible Driving Force for Desertification. Journal of Arid Environments, 90, 95-102.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2012.10.014

[4]   Carswell, A. T. (2012). The Encyclopedia of Housing (2nd ed.). London: SAGE.
https://doi.org/10.4135/9781452218380

[5]   DEP (2005). Guide Des Cooperatives D’habitat. Ministère Délégué Chargé de l’Habitat et de l’Urbanisme.

[6]   El Malti, M. (2006). Le Foncier Urbain.
http://elmalti.over-blog.com
http://elmalti.over-blog.com/article-2134907.html


[7]   El Malti, M. (2013). L’urbanisme et la Question de la Ville.
https://anthropohira.wordpress.com/2013/03/24/1956/
http://anthropohira.wordpress.com

[8]   Huang, G. (2017). Modeling Urban Spatial Growth in Mountainous Regions of Western China. Mountain Research and Development, 37, 367-376.
https://doi.org/10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-16-00078.1

[9]   Jari, D. (1999). Dynamique et Croissance Urbaine de la Ville De Khénifra. Poitiers, France: Université de Poitier.
http://www.theses.fr
http://www.theses.fr/1999POITA002


[10]   Lehzam, A. (1994). Le logement urbain au Maroc: Les ménages et l’Etat face à l’accès à la propriété et à la location. Rabat: CCMLA. (OCLC: 32878089)

[11]   Mandelker, D. R. (1981). Housing and Community Development: Cases and Materials. New York: Michie Company.

[12]   Marou, M. (2015). Les Mécanismes De La Fabrication d’une Ville Moyenne Au Maroc: Cas de La Ville de Khénifra. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Rabat: INAU.

[13]   Marou, M., Azelmad, S., Hanzaz, M., & Bouzidi, A. (2019). Heritage Governance between the Strategies of Actors and Territorial Development Opportunities: The Case of Khenifra in Morocco. Current Urban Studies, 7, 573-586.
https://doi.org/10.4236/cus.2019.74030

[14]   Perrin, R. (1989). Développement Local et Urbanisme. L’émergence de Nouvelles Compé- tences. Les Annales de la Recherche Urbaine, 44, 109-114.
https://www.persee.fr/doc/aru_0180-930x_1989_num_44_1_1486
https://doi.org/10.3406/aru.1989.1486


[15]   Sazama, G. W. (2000). Lessons from the History of Affordable Housing Cooperatives in the United States: A Case Study in American Affordable Housing Policy. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 59, 573-608.
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1536-7150.00045
https://doi.org/10.1111/1536-7150.00045

[16]   Zhang, B. P. (2009). Urbanization and De-Urbanization in Mountain Regions of China. Mountain Research and Development, 24, 206-209.
https://doi.org/10.1659/0276-4741(2004)024[0206:UADIMR]2.0.CO;2

 
 
Top